STRATEGIC STUDIES, SECURITY AND DEFENSE
LESSON 1. DEFINITION AND OBJECT OF THE STRATEGIC STUDIES. CONCEPTS OF PEACE, SECURITY AND ARMED CONFLICT.
1. Strategy, and strategic studies. World order and the international system. Anarchy and the struggle for power.
2. Strategy: what it is, elements, levels and architecture. Strategic Culture and the use of force.
3. General approach to the International Society and International Law: Subjects and actors. Structure and main features of the International Society and International Law.
4. Conceptual approach: The evolution of the concepts of Peace and Security from the Cold War to the Global International Society. Conceptual distinction between tension, crisis, dispute and armed conflict. The so called ¿Grey Zones¿.
LESSON 2. GEOGRAPHY AND GEOSTRATEGY: CONCEPTS AND MAIN FACTORS.
1. Geography as an enduring strategic fact. Geography and Strategy (Military Geography).
2. Confronted Strategies.
3. Examples and practice.
LESSON 3. GEOGRAPHY AND GEOPOLITICS IN THE WORLD.
(Each region would be analised in terms of geography, geopolitical posture and posible future trends)
1. Europe, United States, Russia.
2. China, India, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia.
3. Latin America.
LESSON 4. GEOPOLITICS OF THE NUCLEAR.
1. The evolution of the nuclear threat: Cold War evolution, strategies and disarmament initiatives.
2. World order in the nuclear age. The post-Cold War and the risk of proliferation.
LESSON 5. MAIN ACTUAL RISKS AND THREATS TO INTERNATIONAL SECURITY.
1. Ideological/political risks and threats: The power of identity in a Globalised World: national-ethnicity, religion. The proliferation of non-State actors. Instable regions and failed States.
2. Environmental risks and threats: climate change and its consequences for peace and security.
3. Economic and social risks and threats: inequality and under-development in a Global International Society.
4. Geo-economic risks and threats: the control over energetic resources, over other scarce resources and over strategic areas or regions.
5. Risk and threats of different nature: terrorism, weapons of mass destruction and cyber-threats.
LESSON 6. ARMED CONFLICTS AND THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF COLLECTIVE SECURITY.
1. The use of force in International Law: From ius ad bellum to ius contra bellum. The general prohibition of article 2.4 UN Charter.
2. The two exceptions to the prohibition: Self-defense (article 51) and the Security Council powers under Chapter VII of the UN Charter.
3. Regional collective security: Chapter VIII of the UN Charter.
LESSON 7. THE MAINTENANCE OF INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY: THE MAIN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.
1. United Nations.
2. I.O in Europe: EU, NATO, OSCE.
3. Rest of the World: AU, OAS, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, Arab League, Golf Cooperation Council.
LESSON 8. NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGIES.
1. National Security Strategies and White Books; United States; Russia; China; Germany, Spain.
2. International Security Strategies: European Union, NATO, OSCE.