Photonic integration techniques allow to miniaturize photonic systems on a single chip. The different integration technologies, based on Silicon and Indium Phosphorus, will be described, discussing their advantages and disadvantages. The waveguides and their basic parameters will be described, the limitations in arcs, and interfaces will be identified. Several devices will be designed from 2D approaches when possible. It will show its presence in transceivers, optical interconnections and sensor systems. In an application environment, the parameters to be considered, the available technologies will be identified and some of its blocks will be designed with specific tools.
Historical environment: Development of integrated optics
Technological environment: Silicon, InP, Polymers. Active / passive integration.
Application Environment: Communications, Instrumentation, Biomedicine.
Business Environment: Technology leaders in the market.
2.- Basic Blocks
Light guidance: straight guides, curved guides, slotted guides, ARROW
Couplers: Y Couplers, Interference Couplers
Directional Couplers: Evanescents and Bragg Networks
Light Generation on material: Optical Semiconductor Amplifiers.
Light Detection: Photodiodes.
3.- Basic modules in integrated optics
Integrated optical filters
Fiber couplers, Bragg couplers
Integrated optical modulators
DFB, DBR lasers
4.- Design project using commercial tools