Economic, geographic , social and demographic factors on the distribution of disease and death worldwide. Evolution over time. Main indicators of health measurement and databases. The relationship between health and poverty, and inequality and poverty. Major existing health systems in the world: origin, impact, efficiency and sustainability. The political economy of health systems. Health and global economic policies and their impact on global health: case studies (AIDS , malaria , child mortality, adjustment policies, policies for the protection of pharmaceutical patents). Major global health risks and prevention policies.
DESCRIPTION OF CONTENTS: PROGRAMME
1. Introduction to the Welfare State
1.1. Introduction: the concept of Welfare State
1.2. The causes of Welfare-state regimes
1.3. De-commodification in Social Policy
1.4. How to conceptualize the Welfare State
1.5. European social model
1.6. Beveridge Report
1.7. The Ages of Welfare
1.7.1. Golden Age (1945-1975)
1.7.2. Silver Age (1976-2007)
1.7.3. Bronze Age (2008- ?)
1.8. Post-crisis Welfare development
2. Public Spending on Health
2.1. A closer look at global trends
2.1.1. Global trends in Health spending confirm the transformation of the World¿s funding of Health services
2.1.2. Public spending on Health is central to universal Health coverage, but there is no clear trend of increased government prioritization of Health
2.1.3. Primary Health care is a priority for expenditure tracking
2.1.4. Allocations across diseases and interventions differ between external and government sources
2.1.5. Performance of public spending on Health can improve
2.2. The transformation of the world¿s funding of Health services
2.2.1. Government prioritization of Health
2.3. Middle income countries: transitioning to domestic funding of Health
2.4. Primary Health expenditure
2.5. External aid for Health
3. Intellectual property Rights: An overview and implications in pharmaceutical industry
3.1.1. What is a patent?
3.1.2. What can be protected by a patent?
3.1.3. Excluded fields
3.1.4. The Claims
3.1.5. International variations
3.1.6. Why should I apply for a patent?
3.1.7. The ¿Hatch-Waxman Act¿
3.2. Supplementary protection certificates (SPCs)
3.2.2. How long does it take to get a drug authorized?
3.3. Trade secret law
3.4.2. Protection of a trademark
3.4.3. The trademark owner has the following rights
3.4.4. The functions of a trademark
3.5. Industrial Designs
3.5.2. The Industrial Designs owner has the following rights
3.6.1. The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
3.6.2. TRIPS and pharmaceuticals
3.6.3. Why strengthen patents?
3.6.4. AIDS alters perceptions
3.6.5. Price discrepancy
3.6.6. The Dracula effect
4. Generics, biosimilars and branded drugs
4.1. Generic drugs
4.1.2. Generic Drug Names
4.1.4. Myths around generics
4.3. Branded drugs vs Generics
4.3.1. Prescribers are Most Familiar with Branded Drugs
4.3.2. Effective Advertising
4.3.3. Follow the money
4.4.1. Biological Products
4.4.2. What are biosimilar and interchangeable biological products?
4.4.3. Are biosimilars generic versions of biological products?
4.5. A study case: India
4.5.2. Patent Law in India
4.5.3. The Impact of the World Trade Organization on Pharmaceutical Patents (TRIPS)
5. Life styles
5.2.2. The economic and social impacts of tobacco
5.2.3. The tobacco supply chain
5.2.4. Why smoking is still so widespread
5.2.5. Cost of tobacco in USA
5.3.1. Where do they all come from?
5.3.2. How to cope with loneliness?
5.4. Social recluses: Hikikomori
6. Antibiotics & Vaccination (myths and abuse)
6.1.1. When the drugs don¿t work
6.1.2. Common failings
6.1.3. Fighting antimicrobial resistance
6.2.1. Fighting antimicrobial resistance
6.2.2. Prosperity and vaccination coverage
6.2.3. Vaccines save lives
6.2.4. How vaccines work
6.2.5. The campaign against vaccination
6.2.6. The fear factor
6.2.7. Global decline in vaccine-preventable diseases
6.2.8. The way ahead