Commercial Contract Law is an essential part of Commercial Law. It covers the study of the legal rules of some negotiable instruments (bill of exchange, promissory notes and checks), the general rules of Commercial Contracts and some specific Commercial Contracts in particular. Accordingly, with regard to each contract, the concept of contract, its essential elements, the rights and obligations of the contracting parties, its effects and inefficacy are further analyzed.
When studying Contract Law we have to take into account the European legislation as well as International Commercial Law of contracts because there is a tendency towards its uniformity. The protection of consumer's perspective is to be also adopted to approach Commercial Contract Law, making a special reference to the conclusion of contracts with general conditions.
The main contracts to be studied are: the contract of sale, the contract of deposit, the contract for carriage of goods, the collaboration contracts (agency, commission agency, distribution, franchising), the insurance contract, and credit and secure transactions, among others.
COMMERCIAL CONTRACT LAW
PART I.- LEGAL RULES OF NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS
1.- BILL OF EXCHANGE.
2.- BILL OF EXCHANGE: CIRCULATION, ACCEPTANCE, TRANSFER AND PAYMENT.
3.- PROMISSORY NOTES AND CHECKS. REMEDIES IN CASE OF DEFAULT.
PART II.- COMMERCIAL OBLIGATIONS AND CONTRACTS
4.- LEGAL REGIME OF COMMERCIAL OBLIGATION. SOURCES OF LAW. UNIFORM LAW OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE. CODES OF CONDUCT AND OTHER SOFT LAW INSTRUMENTS.
5.- COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS. CONTRACT FORMATION. PRE-CONTRACTUAL PHASE, OFFER, ACCEPTANCE, COUNTEROFFER.
6.- SPECIFIC COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS: CONSUMER CONTRACTS, STANDARD TERMS CONTRACTS, ELECTRONIC CONTRACTING AND RETAIL TRADE.
PART III.- MAIN COMMERCIAL CONTRACTS
7.- COMMERCIAL CONTRACTS FOR SALE OF GOODS: CONCEPT, ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS, AKIN CONTRACTS, PARTIES' RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS, PASSING OF RISK, DEFAULT AND REMEDIES.
8.- DEPOSIT AND ESCROW AGREEMENTS.
9.- COMMERCIAL CONTRACT FOR THE CARRIAGE OF GOODS.
10.- COLLABORATION CONTRACTS: AGENCY, COMMISSION AGENCY, DISTRIBUTION, FRANCHISING.
11.- INSURANCE CONTRACT.
PART IV.- CREDIT AND SECURED TRANSACTIONS
12.- LOAN AGREEMENTS, LEASING, RENTING AND FACTORING.
13.- CONTRACTUAL INSTRUMENTS TO PROTECT CREDIT RIGHTS: SURETYSHIP; INDEPENDENT GUARANTEES AND STAN-BY LETTER OF CREDIT; COMMERCIAL PLEDGE; COMFORT LETTERS; PENALTY CLAUSE AND LIQUIDATED DAMAGES.