Economic, geographic , social and demographic factors on the distribution of disease and death worldwide. Evolution over time. Main indicators of health measurement and databases. The relationship between health and poverty, and inequality and poverty. Major existing health systems in the world: origin, impact, efficiency and sustainability. The political economy of health systems. Health and global economic policies and their impact on global health: case studies (AIDS , malaria , child mortality, adjustment policies, policies for the protection of pharmaceutical patents). Major global health risks and prevention policies.
DESCRIPTION OF CONTENTS: PROGRAMME
PART 1. INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH ECONOMICS
1. Introduction: Why is Health Economics Important? [Stiglitz, chp 12., The Economy e-book: http://www.core-econ.org/]
2. The Health Production Function [Phelps chp. 3, FGS chp. 5, McGuire chp. 7, Barros chp5]
a. Historical role of Medical care in the production of health
b. The estimation of Health Production Function with aggregated data - Exercises with STATA
3. Health Systems:
4. General Characteristics of the Health Care Markets [Arrow (1963) ]
a. Ethics, Efficacy, Effectiveness and Efficiency [FGS chp. 1, 4; Zweifel chp 1, 4, Ortún chp1; 3.1, 3.2, 3.3]
b. General Features - [J. Hurst]
c. Moral Hazard
5. Equity [Rodríguez, Calonge and Reñe (1988) , Rodríguez and Calonge (1998)]
6. Evaluation Methods [Zweifel chp2, FGS, chp. 4]
PART 2: CHALLENGES OF GLOBAL HEALTH IMPORTANCE
1. Health determinants and measurements
a. Importance of measuring health status
b. Key health indicators
c. Differences between incidence and prevalence; morbidity, disability, and mortality; non-communicable and communicable diseases
d. Concepts of health adjusted life expectancy (HALE), disability adjusted life years (DALYs), and the burden of disease
Chapter 2. Skolnik, Richard. Global health 101. Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2015.
2. Demographic and epidemiological transitions
a. Leading causes of death in low-, middle-, and high-income countries
b. Aging and Long-Term Care
Acemoglu & Johnson, 2007. "Disease and Development: The Effect of Life Expectancy on Economic Growth." Journal of Political Economy, 115(6): 925-985. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/529000
Preston (1975). "The changing relationship between mortality and level of economic development." Population Studies, 29(2): 231-48. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2173509
Fogel. (1994). "Economic Growth, Population Theory, and Physiology: The Bearing of Long-Term Processes on the Making of Economic Policy." American Economic Review, 84(3):369-95. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2118058
Deaton (2006), "Global Patterns of Income and Health: Facts, Interpretations, and Policies," NBER Working Paper 12735.
Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson and James A. Robinson (2003), "Disease and Development in Historical Perspective," Journal of the European Economic Association 2(1).
3. Vaccinations, externalities and herd effects
M. Kremer, "Creating Markets for New Vaccines, Part I," Innovation Policy and the Economy, 1 (2000), 35-72.
Mullahy, "It'll Only Hurt a Second: Microeconomic Determinants of Who Gets Flu Shots," Health Economics, 8 (1999), 9-24.
Parente, Salkever and DaVanzo, "The Role of Consumer Knowledge of Insurance Benefits for Preventive Health Care Among the Elderly," Health Economics, 14:1 (2005), 25-38.
Hebert, et al., "The Causes of Racial and Ethnic Differences in Influenza Vaccination Rates Among Elderly Medicare Beneficiaries," Health Services Research, 40:2 (2005), 517-537.
Maurer, "Who Has a Clue on Preventing the Flu?" Journal of Health Economics, 28:3 (2009), 704-717.
4. Mortality and health effects of economic crisis
Cutler et al. (2002), "Financial Crisis, Health Outcomes and Aging: Mexico in the 1980s and 1990s," Journal of Public Economics, 84(2): 279-303.
Cutler, Deaton and Lleras-Muney (2007), "The Determinants of Mortality," Journal of Economic Perspectives.
Ruhm, C. J. (2016). Health effects of economic crises. Health economics, 25(S2), 6-24. Other papers by Ruhm on this topic.
5. Life styles: obesity, smoking and risky behaviours
a. The Health Impacts of Obesity
b. Health Effects of Alcohol Consumption
c. Economics of Tobacco Control and Health
Sturm, "The Effects of Obesity, Smoking, and Drinking on Medical Problems and Costs," Health Affairs, 21:2 (2002), 245-253.
Costa-Font and Gil, "What Lies Behind Socio-demographic Inequalities in Obesity in Spain: A Decomposition Approach," Food Policy, 33 (2008), 62-73.
Christakis and Fowler, "The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network Over 32 Years," New England Journal of Medicine, 357 (2007), 370-379.
Cutler, Glaeser, and Shapiro, "Why Have Americans Become More Obese?" Journal of Economic Perspectives, 17:3 (2003), 93-118.
Chouinard, et al., "Fat Taxes: Big Money for Small Change," Forum for Health Economics & Policy, 10:2 (2007), 1-28.
Wang, et al., "A Penny-Per-Ounce Tax on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Could Cut Health and Cost Burdens of Diabetes," Health Affairs, 31:1 (2012), 199-207.
Fletcher, Frisvold, and Teft, "Can Soft Drink Taxes Reduce Population Weight?" Contemporary Economic Policy, 28:1 (2010), 23-35.
Chou, Saffer, and Grossman, "An Economic Analysis of Adult Obesity: Results from the BRFSS" Journal of Health Economics, 23:2 (2004), 565-587.
Muggli, et al., "Legislating Tolerance: Spain¿s National Public Smoking Law," Tobacco Control, 19 (2010), 24-30.
López, et al., "Two-year Impact of the Spanish Smoking Law on Exposure to Secondhand Smoke: Evidence of the Failure of the "Spanish Model"," Tobacco Control, 21 (2012), 407-411
López, et al., "Impact of the 2011 Spanish Smoking Ban in Hospitality Venues: Indoor Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Influence of Outdoor Smoking," Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 15:5 (2013), 992-996.
Sloan, et al., Drinkers, Drivers, and Bartenders, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000
6. Mental Health
a. Economic case for better public mental health
b. Key characteristics of mental health problems
c. Direct and spillover effects of mental problems
d. Disrupted employment, antisocial behaviour and crime