Checking date: 07/10/2019


Course: 2019/2020

Advanced Space Propulsion
(18583)
Study: Master in Aeronautical Engineering (296)
EPI


Coordinating teacher: AHEDO GALILEA, EDUARDO ANTONIO

Department assigned to the subject: Department of Bioengineering and Aerospace Engineering

Type: Compulsory
ECTS Credits: 3.0 ECTS

Course:
Semester:




Students are expected to have completed
Design of Space Systems
Competences and skills that will be acquired and learning results.
The course is focused in Electric Space Propulsion, as the new leading technology for spacecraft propulsion both in Near-Earth and Deep-Space applications. The goals of the course are to provide skills that allow students understanding of - the benefits and limitations of electric rocket propulsion versus classical chemical rocket propulsion, for different missions scenarios - the different electric propulsion devices and their main principles of operations - basic notions of plasmas with application to the physics of electric thrusters - performances and testing - design and operational parameters and technological constraints Additionally the course includes a lesson devoted to present briefly the operational principles, physics, performances and applications of ramjets and scramjets.
Description of contents: programme
1. FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION Figures of merit for propulsion. Specific thrust versus specific impulse. Chemical versus electric propulsion(EP). Optimal specific impulse. Missions for EP: main types, historical milestones. Plasma generation and acceleration mechanisms. The EP family of thrusters 2. PLASMA PHYSICS APPLIED TO PROPULSION Maxwell equations. On plasma typical units. Quasineutrality. Debye sheaths and plasma-surface interaction. The velocity distribution function and Boltzmann equation. Multifluid formulations. Main collisional processes (elastic, ionizing, Coulomb, CEX). Magnetized particle dynamics. Magnetized fluid dynamics: generalized Ohm and Fourier laws. 3. GRIDDED ION THRUSTERS Principles of operation: discharge chamber, grids, hollow cathode. The electric circuit. Global model of discharge chamber: plasma production, current and power balances, magnetic confinement. Inter-grid physics; the Child law. Plasma plume expansion. Performance laws. Thermionic emission. Hollow cathode physics. Thruster lifetime 4. HALL EFFECT THRUSTERS Principles of operation. Experimental characterization. The 2D multifluid formulation. Anomalous diffusion. Anode sheath. Secondary electron emission at ceramic walls. The simplified 1D model: formulation and solution. Global performance analysis and thrust mechanisms. Wall sputtering. Thermal loads. Plasma and circuit oscillations. Design of magnetic circuit. Alternative configurations (TAL, cylindrical, two-stage, HEMP) 5. ADVANCED PLASMA THRUSTERS Magnetoplasmadynamic thruster (with self and applied fields) The helicon plasma thruster: RF production and magnetic nozzle acceleration. Micropropulsion.
Learning activities and methodology
They combine - lectures with audiovisual support - discussion and solving of exercises and problems - homework assignements - quizzes Tutorials can be both personally or through Aula Global
Assessment System
  • % end-of-term-examination 60
  • % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 40
Basic Bibliography
  • D. GOEBEL, I. KATZ. FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION. WILEY. 2008
  • R. JAHN. PHYSICS OF ELECTRIC PROPULSION. DOVER. 2006

The course syllabus and the academic weekly planning may change due academic events or other reasons.