Checking date: 08/05/2020

Course: 2019/2020

Normative discourses and lingsuistic. Analysis of todays discourses
Study: Master in Contemporary Spanish Language and Literature (292)

Coordinating teacher: PAVON LUCERO, MARIA VICTORIA

Department assigned to the subject: Department of Humanities: Philosophy, Language, Literature Theory

Type: Electives
ECTS Credits: 6.0 ECTS


Students are expected to have completed
Domain of Spanish language (high level)
Competences and skills that will be acquired and learning results.
COMPETENCES: - To have and to understand knowledge that gives a base and chance of being original in the development and application of ideas, in an investigation context. - To be able to apply the acquired knowledge and their capacity of problems solving in new contexts or in little known bigger contexts (or multidisciplinary) related to their study area. - To be able to integrate knowledge and to affront the complexity of formulating judges based on an incomplete or limited information that includes reflections about social and ethics responsibilities related to the application of their knowledge and judges. - To be able to communicate their conclusions and knowledge and reasons which support them, to specialized and not specialized publics in a clear, not ambiguous, way. - To know the last two decades Spanish linguistic and literature panorama. - To analyze the Spanish recent linguistic and literature culture from an interdisciplinary point of view. - To apply methodological tools to the right teaching paperwork and the programming of Spanish in the national and international ambit. - To generate conscience of the necessary close relation of language and literature, like a reality that must be studied in the teaching processes and in the Spanish acquisition together. - To develop teaching skills in the Spanish ambit throughout a working system based in the close collaboration between the student and the teacher´s team. - To build a critic own speech that integrates the studied contains and the application of the used methodology. - To develop the necessary skills, strategies and abilities to work in an actual Spanish representative cultural texts corpus. - To discuss and analyze the actual linguistic and literature culture and based on representative literature texts and from other recent communicative and esthetic materials. - To relate the linguistic and literature contemporary Spanish contributions by other disciplines contributions, such as History, Philosophy or Law. - To generate and to evaluate didactic material to the Spanish teaching, particularly in high levels. - To develop investigator skills in the ambit of Spanish - To know and to review the relevant bibliography about the studied and worked questions. - To produce academic texts about the programmed subjects. - To know and to distinguish different discourse types. - To analyze the relation between normative speeches and the social use of the language. LEARNING RESULTS: It´s pretended an analytical and critical approach to some topics and social and cultural actual aspects, from the point of view of contemporary discourses, so that the students can proceed to a formal and thematic analysis of those discourses, with the goal of being able to explain, in a didactic, rigorous and original way, how these texts reflect some of the questions the Spanish actual society is worried about.
Description of contents: programme
The linguistic ecology tries to explain the conditions in which the linguistic mechanisms operations are forced by certain groups, which impose semantic, phonetic and syntactic organizational diagrams that are not general, in favor of their own interests. That is, the real use of the language, in their different sociological conditions, is raised again by different actors who use it for their own interest. It´s presented the normative balance faced to the rupture of the rule in some fair general examples, in which the linguistic meaning appears clearly distorted. The normative speeches tend to propose conservator diagrams in the language in different situations. They are not emitted only, neither primordially, by academies or power centers, but by those who have the power in certain instances. The family emits constantly normative discourse: questions that should be talked about on the table and questions that shouldn¿t be mentioned; words that shouldn¿t be said in public, etc. The different social groups emit normative speeches: things that can be said in a public speech and things that shouldn¿t be said; mentioning ways in public, ways of talking to people, etc. It´s pretended to show the variety of not official normative speeches. Linguistic ecology, then, studies the relation between normative speeches and the social use of the language that affect its stability and evolution. Nowadays is discussed about if the academies, opinion institutes and other power centers normative speeches are useful, designated to control the language, in comparison with the social groups and the most powerful and influencer media, business and political, normative speeches. Examples of this are anglicisms: many authors face up again what they consider a plague; others consider that the system disposes an auto regulator capacity and that any normative speech will be able of control the income of anglicisms in our language. Linguistic ecology must take care of the language¿s health. It doesn¿t depend only on the concrete speaker´s expressions but also on the institutional and physic tools in which this global world is supported. In this way, it´s convenient to think about the diffusion of Spanish in the media, the Spanish geography, the use of the Spanish in international organisms, the Spanish history, the edition in Spanish, the situation of the Spanish in the learning processes of other not- Spanish-speaker countries. The program of this subject will be as follows: 1. The construction of the norm and norms 1.1. Literature language as a mirror 1.2. The situation of the different languages about the norm 1.3. Linguistic variation 1.4. Spanish diffusion 1.4.1. Spanish in the media 1.4.2. Idiomatic transgression in publicity 1.4.3. Twits and WhatsApp´s speech 2. Ecology in languages 2.1. Linguistic sustainability 2.2. Languages in contact and glotophagy. 2.3. Pidgin and Creole language. Spanglish. 2.4. Neology. Anglicisms. 2.5. Dying words. 3. Academic language. 3.1. Linguistics properties of academic texts. 3.2. Academic genres. 4. Linguistic Politics 4.1. Political correction and public speech 4.2. Administrative euphemism 5. Linguistic sexism 5.1. Feminism and language 5.2. Roles and professions 6. Euphemism and Dysphemism 6.1. Manipulation of the referent: euphemism and disphemism 6.1.1. Taboo and interdiction 6.1.2. Euphemism 6.1.3. Dysphemism 6.2. Discourtesy strategies in the media 6.3. Verbal hostility in social networks: cyberspeak; netiquette
Learning activities and methodology
The course will be carried out from a point of view that allows presenting the more actual thoughts about the speech discourse with the application of this knowledge to the characterization of the different speeches discourses in its different modalities, taking into account its characteristics and its relation with social and cultural circumstances in which they have taken place. Classes will be theoretical and practical, and will be focused on promote the group work as much as the individual one. The teaching methodology includes, between others, the next options: - Oral expositions of the teacher, with audiovisual support - Critic reading of recommended texts for its posterior debate and analysis in class - Expositions and debates in class - Analysis of different types of speeches from different perspectives in which the teacher will take part, as much as the students - Exposition of the works elaborated by the students (in an individual or in a group way). Students will have the chance of attending individual or group tutorials, whose timetable will be fixed at the beginning of the course.
Assessment System
  • % end-of-term-examination 60
  • % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 40
Basic Bibliography
  • ALLAN, K. / BURRIDGE, K. . Euphemism and Disphemism: Language Used as Shield and Weapon. New York: Oxford University Press. 1991
  • ALLAN, K. / BURRIDGE, K. . Forbidden Words. Taboo and the Censoring of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2006
  • Antonio Briz Gómez. Guía de comunicación no sexista. Madrid: Aguilar. 2011
  • BOSQUE, I. . ¿Sexismo lingüístico y visibilidad de la mujer¿, Boletín de información lingüística de la Real Academia Española (BILRAE). 2012
  • BRAVO, D. (ed.) . Estudios de la (des)cortesía en español. Categorías conceptuales y aplicaciones a corpora orales y escritos. Buenos Aires: Dunken. 2005
  • BRAVO, D. / BRIZ, A. (eds.) . Pragmática sociocultural: estudios sobre el discurso de cortesía en español. Barcelona: Ariel. 2004
  • BRENES PEÑA, E. . Descortesía verbal y tertulia televisiva: análisis pragmalingüístico. Bern: Peter Lang. 2010
  • CALERO FERNÁNDEZ, M.ª Á. . Sexismo lingüístico. Análisis y propuestas ante la discriminación sexual en el lenguaje. Madrid: Narcea. 1999
  • CASAS GÓMEZ, M. . La interdicción lingüística. Mecanismos del eufemismo y del disfemismo. Cádiz: Publicaciones de la Universidad de Cádiz. 1986
  • COLÍN RODEA, M. . El insulto: Estudio pragmático textual y representación lexicográfica. Barcelona: Universitat Pompeu Fabra.Tesis doctoral en línea: 2003
  • CRESPO FERNÁNDEZ, E. . El eufemismo y el disfemismo. Procesos de manipulación del tabú en el lenguaje literario inglés. Alicante: Universidad de Alicante. 2007
  • Daniel Martín Mayorga. ¿Introducción: el idioma español y la sociedad de la información¿, en La lengua española y los medios de comunicación, vol. II, . México: Siglo XXI/ Secretaría de Educación Pública (México)/ Instituto Cervantes, págs. 1171-1179.. 1998
  • DÍAZ PÉREZ, J. C.. Pragmalingüística del disfemismo y la descortesía. Saarbrücken (Deutschland): PUBLICIA. 2013
  • FUENTES RODRÍGUEZ, C. (coord.). (Des)cortesía para el espectáculo: estudios de pragmática variacionista. Madrid, Arco Libros. 2013
  • Francisco Moreno Fernández. Principios de sociolingüística y sociología del lenguaje. Barcelona: Ariel. 1988
  • GARCÍA GALERA, M. J. . Televisión, violencia e infancia. El impacto de los medios. Barcelona: Gedisa. 2000
  • GARCÍA MESEGUER, Á. . Lenguaje y discriminación sexual. Barcelona: Montesinos. 1988
  • GUITART ESCUDERO, M.ª P. . Lenguaje político y lenguaje políticamente correcto en España (con especial atención al discurso parlamentario). Valencia: Universitat de Valencia. Tesis doctoral: 2005
  • GÓMEZ TORREGO, L. / ROBLES ÁVILA, S.. Transgresiones idiomáticas en el lenguaje de la publicidad . Madrid, Cátedra. 2014
  • Juan Carlos Díaz Pérez. ¿Creatividad léxica y descortesía en los medios de comunicación virtual¿. Revista de Filología 32, págs. 81-97. 2014
  • Juan Gutiérrez Cuadrado. ¿¿Y si los anglicismos fueran como las bacterias?¿ en Wolfgang Dahmen, Günter Holtus y Johannes Kramer (eds.): Lengua, historia e identidad. Sprache, Geschichte und Identität, Perspectiva española e hispanoamericana. Tübingen: Narr, págs. 301-338.. 2006
  • LUQUE DURÁN, J. / PAMIES, A. / MANJÓN, F. J. . El arte del insulto. Estudio lexicográfico. Barcelona: Península. 1997
  • MANCERA RUEDA, A. / PANO ALAMÁN, A.. El español coloquial en las redes sociales. Madrid, Arco Libros. 2014
  • MANCERA RUEDA, A. / PANO ALAMÁN, A. . El discurso político en Twitter . Barcelona, Anthropos. 2013
  • Milagros Aleza Izquierdo (coord.). Lengua española para los medios de comunicación: usos y normas actuales. Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch. 2006
  • Pedro J. Chamizo Domínguez. ¿La función social y cognitiva del eufemismo y del disfemismo¿. Tribuna V: 15, págs. 45-51. 2004
  • REUTNER, U. / SCHAFROTH, E. (eds.). Political Correctness. Aspectos políticos, sociales literarios y mediáticos de la censura lingüística. Frankfurt, Peter Lang. 2012
  • Regueiro Rodríguez, M. Luisa. El español académico. Guía práctica para la elaboración de textos académicos. Arco Libros. 2013

The course syllabus and the academic weekly planning may change due academic events or other reasons.