1. The Birth of Modern Age: From Renaissance to Baroque
2. The beginings of MOdern Philosophy: Descartes
3. Hobbes. England in the XVIIth century
4. Rationalism. From Decartes to Leibniz.
5. Empiricism. From Locke to Hume.
6. Enlightenment in Europe.
8. From Kant to Hegel. German Idealism.
9. romanticism and contemporary world.
1The course is divided into three interconnected thematic sections. They propose a journey through the history of philosophy as an understanding of the birth and rise of the modern world.
Each section comprises some keynote sessions and reading seminara, in which the texts indicated for them will be discussed. Each section also is accompanied by a book wich students must read and write a critical review about. The work schedule is the one described below.
I. BIRTH OF MODERNITY. TOWARDS THE ILLUSTRATION
Course presentation. Explanation of the program
"Descartes' Bones" and Modernity.
Reading and discussion: preface to "Descartes' Bones".
Descartes. The new philosophy and new science.
Reading and discussion of "The man who died," Chapter I of Descartes' bones.
The consequences of Cartesianism. Disputes during the Seventeenth century.
Reading and discussion: "Feast of bones," Chapter II of Descartes' Bones
the Enlightenment and the awakening of modern consciousness. Kant.
Reading and discussion: "Holy Relics", Chapter III of Descartes' Bones (I)
Towards the Revolution
Reading and discussion: "Holy Relics", Chapter III of Descartes' Bones (II)
Required reading for review: Todorov, The spirit of the Enlightenment
II. THE IMPULSO OF ROMANTICISM
Reason and feeling
Reading and discussion F. Schiller, Kallias. On the Aesthetic Education of Man, Barcelona, Anthropos, 1990.
Idealism, imagination and irony
Reading and discussion Tieck, L., Puss in Boots, Madrid, Abada Editores, 2003.
A look at THE SELF and nature: the feeling of the sublime
Reading and discussion Burke, E., A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, Madrid, Tecnos, 1987.
Romanticism and Revolution
Reading and discussion Thoreau, H. D., Civil Disobedience, Madrid, Tecnos, 2006.
required reading for review: Mary Shelley, Frankenstein (recommended edition: Cátedra / Universal Classics)
III. MODERNITY AND CAPITALISM
(Coord. By Antonio Gomez Ramos)
Universal history. Economic forms or forms of consciousness? Hegel vs. Marx (I)
Reading and discussion of The Communist Manifesto, first part.
Politics: economy, society or individuals? Hegel vs. Marx (II)
Reading and discussion Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right.
Critique of political economy and criticism of ideologies
Reading and discussion: The German Ideology.
required reading for review: Terry Eagleton, Why Marx was right.