Checking date: 18/04/2024


Course: 2024/2025

Physics I
(15075)
Bachelor in Energy Engineering (Plan: 452 - Estudio: 280)


Coordinating teacher: GALIANA BLANCO, BEATRIZ

Department assigned to the subject: Physics Department

Type: Basic Core
ECTS Credits: 6.0 ECTS

Course:
Semester:

Branch of knowledge: Engineering and Architecture



Requirements (Subjects that are assumed to be known)
It is recommended that students have a basic knowledge of Physics at the high school level.
Objectives
The goal of this course is that the student can understand the physical phenomena involved in Classical Mechanics and Thermodynamics. In order to achieve this goal, the following competences and skills have to be acquired - Ability to understand and know basic concepts of mechanics and thermodynamics. - Ability to understand and use the mathematics involved in the physical models. - Ability to understand and use the scientific method. - Ability to develop skills to solve problems. - Ability to use scientific instruments and analyze experimental data. - Ability to retrieve and analyse information from different sources.
Skills and learning outcomes
CB1. Students have demonstrated possession and understanding of knowledge in an area of study that builds on the foundation of general secondary education, and is usually at a level that, while relying on advanced textbooks, also includes some aspects that involve knowledge from the cutting edge of their field of study. CB2. Students are able to apply their knowledge to their work or vocation in a professional manner and possess the competences usually demonstrated through the development and defence of arguments and problem solving within their field of study. CB3. Students have the ability to gather and interpret relevant data (usually within their field of study) in order to make judgements which include reflection on relevant social, scientific or ethical issues. CB4. Students should be able to communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions to both specialist and non-specialist audiences. CB5. Students will have developed the learning skills necessary to undertake further study with a high degree of autonomy. CG1. Analyze, formulate and solve problems with initiative, decision-making, creativity,critical reasoning skills and ability to efficiently communicate and transmit knowledge, skills and abilities in the Energy Engineering field CG10. Being able to work in a multi-lingual and multidisciplinary environment CE2 Modulo FB. Understanding and command of the fundamental concepts of the general laws of mechanics, thermodynamics, fields and waves, electromagnetism and their application for solving engineering problems. CT1. Ability to communicate knowledge orally as well as in writing to a specialized and non-specialized public. CT2. Ability to establish good interpersonal communication and to work in multidisciplinary and international teams. CT3. Ability to organize and plan work, making appropriate decisions based on available information, gathering and interpreting relevant data to make sound judgement within the study area. CT4. Motivation and ability to commit to lifelong autonomous learning to enable graduates to adapt to any new situation. By the end of this content area, students will be able to have: RA1.1 knowledge and understanding of the physics principles underlying their branch of engineering; RA2.1 the ability to apply their knowledge and understanding to identify, formulate and solve physics problems using established methods; RA4.2 the ability to design and conduct appropriate experiments, interpret the data and draw conclusions; RA4.3 the ability to select and use appropriate tools and methods to solve physics problems; RA5.1 the ability to combine theory and practice to solve physics problems; RA5.2 workshop and laboratory skills.
Description of contents: programme
1. Kinematics of a particle I. - Vectors position, velocity and acceleration. - Motion in 2 and 3 dimensions.Equation of trajectory. Projectile motion. 2. Kinematics of a particle II. - Intrinsic components of acceleration (normal and tangential accelerations). - Circular motion. - Transformations among systems of reference. Relative motion. 3. Dynamics of a particle I. - Mass. Linear momentum. Force - Newton´s laws. Equations of motion. - Examples of forces: weight, elastic force, tension, contact forces. 4.Dynamics of a particle II. - Forces in linear accelerated systems and circular motion. - Angular momentum. Moment of forces. 5. Conservative and non-conservative forces. Work and energy. - Work. Power. Kinetic energy. - Conservative forces and potential energy. - Non-conservative forces. 6. Systems of particles. - Internal and external forces. - Kinetic energy of a system of particles. - Conservation theorems for a system of particles. - Motion of the Center of mass. - Collisions. 7. Kinematics of the Rigid Body. - Motion of the Rigid Body in the plane. - Moment of Inertia. - Theorem of Steiner. 8. Dynamics of the Rigid Body. - Angular momentum of the rigid body. - Plane motion equations. - Work of forces acting on a rigid body. Kinetic energy. 9. Introduction to Thermodynamics. Temperature. - Thermodynamics: concepts and definitions. - Pressure. - Definition of temperature. Zeroth Law. - The Ideal-Gas Law. 10. Thermal properties of pure substances. Heat. - Thermal coefficients: expansion and isotherm compressibility. - Heat. Heat capacities and specific heats. - Phase Diagrams. Phase Changes. Latent Heat. 11. First Law of Thermodynamics - Work - Internal Energy. - First Law of Thermodynamics. - Application to ideal gases. 12. Second Law of Thermodynamics. - Statement of Kelvin-Planck. Heat engines. - Statement of Clausius. Refrigerating machines. Irreversibility. - Cycle of Carnot. Theorem of Carnot. Consequences. - Cycles with ideal gases. - Entropy.
Learning activities and methodology
- Lectures where the theoretical concepts are explained - Discussion sessions to solve problems: The main skills to be acquired in these activities are: - To understand the statement of a problem - To identify the physical phenomenon involved in the statement and the physical laws involved - To develop an strategy to reach the objective (for instance breaking the problem in small subproblems) - To be able to make a critical analysis of the results (is the final number sensible?, are the dimensions consistent?) - Laboratoy sessions The main skills to be developed in this activity are: - To understand that physics is an experimental science and they can reproduce the laws that have been theoretically explained in the lectures - To use scientific instruments and to be careful in its operation - To be careful in the acquisiton of experimental data - To learn the basis for the management of a scientific data set - To be able to write a report with the main results of the experiment - To be able to discuss in a critical way the experimental results.
Assessment System
  • % end-of-term-examination 60
  • % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 40

Calendar of Continuous assessment


Extraordinary call: regulations
Basic Bibliography
  • Serway & Jewett. Physics for Science and Engineering. Thomson.
  • Tipler &Mosca. Physics for Scientists and Engineers. MacMillan.
  • Young & Freedman. University Physics with modern Physics. Pearson.
Additional Bibliography
  • Bedford & Fowler. Engineering Mechanics: Statics & Dynamics. Pearson.
  • Beer & Johnston. Vector Mechanics for Engineers. McGraw-Hill.
  • Cengel & Boles. Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach. McGraw-Hill.

The course syllabus may change due academic events or other reasons.