Part I: Introduction: Plasma in space and astrophysics.
1.- Models and approximations used in the context of plasma in space. Orders of magnitude. Two-temperature plasma fluid equations. Magnetohydrodynamic approximation.
Part II: Terrestrial plasma environment.
2.- Introduction. Solar wind and its interaction with the geomagnetic field, formation of the magnetosphere. General structure of the earth¿s ionosphere and magnetosphere. Physical and chemical properties and basic parameters.
3.- Interaction between the environmental plasma and bodies in high and low orbits. Polar and equatorial orbits. Mesothermal plasma flow around an orbital object. Interaction between orbital vehicles, plasma in the environment and neutral gas. Similarities and differences between the electrical discharges in the laboratory and in space. Discharges at high and low altitudes.
4.- Introduction to dusty plasmas: Plasmas with solid or dust particles (dusty plasmas). Characteristics of electrically charged dust grains in space plasmas (terrestrial environment, comets, interstellar space, etc.). Different types of dusty plasma in space.
5.- Scales of length and time. Effects of the grain charge on Debye length, plasma frequencies and properties of the electrostatic sheath. Forces between particles. Forces on grains of dust, ions and neutral atoms. Fluid equations for dusty plasma. DIA and DA mode acoustic waves in dusty plasma.
Part III: Astrophysical Problems.
6.- Interstellar medium and star formation. Physical properties of the interstellar medium. Astronomical observations. Relevance of magnetic fields, equipartition and virialization. Plasma components: electrons, ions, neutral particles and dust. Scales of ambipolar diffusion. Interaction matter-radiation.
7.- MHD turbulence and characteristic cascades. Observational tests: Chemical anomalies, fractal dimension of clouds, initial function of stellar mass, correlation functions.
8.- Astronomical Engines. Presentation of the astronomical paradigm: from quasars to protostars. General properties: bipolarity, collimation, accretion disks, mechanical efficiency. Relevance of the magnetic field.
9.- Centrifugally driven hydromagnetic winds: from the solar wind to disk winds. Formation and jet collimation.