Give the elements of Physics and Technology of the Nuclear Fusion option to obtain energy using the idea of Confinement and Heating by Inertial mechanism.
Basic elements of Plasma Dynamics under high pressure will be developed with an enough explicative introduction of main mechanisms of laser- plasma interaction (at different levels of intensity) and ion-plasma.
Fluid-dynamics evolution of matter following the scheme of ablation-implosion central for Inertial Confinement will be explained giving the laws of necessary pressure, speed, for efficient process. Maximum interest will be devoted to the analysis of Hydro instabilities such as Rayleigh- Taylor or Richtmyer-Meskhov that can destroy the necessary stability of the full compression until the desired isentropic and uniform final stage. The thermonuclear processes that will happen when the temperature reach the threshold for nuclear fusion reactions and the feedback effect of progress of heating in the massive fuel will also be explained and will give the input for emerging energy and fractions carried out by the different particles (neutrons, charged particles) and radiation. A particular emphasis will be devoted to the target fabrication techniques (close to micro and advance nano technologies) and ideas to injection and tracking.
The two main lines of research (central and fast) to obtain efficiently energy will be explained using the available computational tools at the Instituto Fusion Nuclear and the known responses from experiments.
We emphasize state-of-art of facilities to obtain and demonstrate ignition such as National Ignition Facililty (NIF/LLNL, USA) and Laser MegaJoule (LMJ/CEA, France), that will be presented extensively using first information from agreement with those institutions, together with large scale in support to those installations such as OMEGA (Univ. Rochester, USA), LIL (ILP/CEA, France), VULCAN (RAL, U.K.) or GEKKO (ILE Osaka, Japan). The new series of facilities for central and fast ignition will be explained such as OMEGA-FI OMEGA (Univ. Rochester, USA), PETAL (ILP/CEA, France), PHELIX (GSI, Germany), FIREX (ILE Osaka, Japan), including the new ideas for developing a common European program for Fast Ignition HiPER.
The ideas of Future Energy reactors (HYLIFE-II, SOMBRERO, KOYO- FI) will be fully developed presenting the key technological necessary developments and necessary research in physics and technology such as Materials, Safety and Environment, Coolant and Breeding, Protection of Wall, Target Injection and Tracking and Auxiliary systems.
The course will provide the student with an appropiate training in high density plasma physics and processes to obtain efficiently energy by nuclear fusion using the approach of inertial confinement.