o Energy consumption in transport vs total energy consumption.
o Transport sector: transport means (people vs goods).
o Types of propulsion powerplants: thermal engines and electric motors. Reciprocating engines, gas turbines, electric motors and other systems.
o Types of liquid and gaseous fuels and their use in transportation. Biofuels. Other ways to store energy.
o Pollutants and their effects. Direct and indirect pollution. Atmospheric pollutants: CO2, NOx, SOx, HC, CO, particles and comparison of sector emissions.
2. Reciprocating Engines in transportation:
o Architecture and processes of reciprocating engines. Two-stroke and four-stroke engines. Spark ignition engines and compression ignition engines.
o Power, torque and specific consumption.
o Operation curves at full load.
o Combustion, emission, control and mitigation of pollutants in reciprocating engines.
3. Gas turbines in transportation:
o Architecture and processes in gas turbines.
o Brayton cycles for power generation.
o Gas cycle in a turbojet without and with afterburner. Gas cycle in a turbofan.
o Efficiency and performance.
o Combustion, emission and mitigation of pollutants in gas turbines.
4. Electric propulsion in transportation:
o All-electric vehicles.
o Hybrid vehicles.
o Energy storage systems: batteries.
5. Propulsion efficiencies:
o Resistance forces and propulsion power.
o Efficiencies of land, air and sea transport means.
6. Auxiliary devices in transportation systems:
o Energy consumption of auxiliary devices.
o Refrigeration systems, HVAC, cabin pressurization, electrical and electronic systems. Other auxiliary systems.
7. Control and management of transportation systems:
o Control and management of transportation.
o Road, rail, air and maritime traffic. International transport modes.