Checking date: 13/05/2022


Course: 2022/2023

Wind and photovoltaic generation
(14132)
Study: Bachelor in Industrial Technologies Engineering (256)


Coordinating teacher: CHINCHILLA SANCHEZ, MONICA

Department assigned to the subject: Department of Electrical Engineering

Type: Electives
ECTS Credits: 6.0 ECTS

Course:
Semester:




Requirements (Subjects that are assumed to be known)
Electric Engineering Fundamentals
Objectives
It will result in: 1. Have a knowledge and understanding of isolated or grid-connected electrical systems with wind and photovoltaic generation (RA1.2). To evaluate this RA, exercises are carried out on the systematic analysis of circuits with renewables, evaluation tests and laboratory practices (2 projects, midterm exam, final exam, 3 laboratory practices). 2. Be aware of the multidisciplinary context of renewable energy systems (RES) in electrical systems (RA1.4). By evaluating this RA with exams, projects, and labs, the links between electrical engineering and other industrial engineering disciplines such as electronic, thermal, mechanical, and environmental engineering are revealed. 3. Have the ability to apply their knowledge and understanding to identify, formulate and solve electrical engineering problems with RES using established methods (RA2.1). To evaluate this RA, evaluation tests are carried out and specific projects are proposed for the complete dimensioning of photovoltaic generators in various demand and solar resource scenarios; also energy calculation projects for wind turbines in many different locations. 4. Have the ability to design and carry out experiments, interpret data and draw conclusions (RA4.2). To evaluate this RA, three practices are carried out in the laboratory, two of dimensioning by means of specific SW tools from RES and one with various solar cells. This knowledge is evaluated in the exams, partial and final. 5. Have the ability to combine theory and practice to solve electrical engineering problems (RA5.2). To evaluate this RA, a series of scripts and laboratory practices are carried out in which real problems are solved, in addition to the dimensioning projects of wind and photovoltaic plants that must comply with current regulations. Also knowing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), and in particular SDG 7 regarding access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all (solar or wind in this case). 6. Necessary skills are acquired for the practice of engineering at the design and implementation level of photovoltaic systems, both for grid connection, self-consumption and isolated from the grid, designs highly required by today's society (R6).They must acquire the ability to develop a specific project in practice, from the use of device selection, use of regulations, catalogs and commercial technical documentation, to its implementation in the field.
Skills and learning outcomes
Description of contents: programme
MODULE 1: PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) SYSTEMS PV 1-Introduction to solar energy 1.1- Solar energy all over the world 1.2-Resource PV 2. Basic Technology. 2.1- Solar cell. Basic principles and current technology. 2.2- Characteristic of the solar cell. Exercises solar cell, cell temperature. PV 3. Solar panels 3.1- Solar panels. 3.2-Generators electrical characteristic of photovoltaic solar panels. Varying voltage of the photovoltaic panels. Testing.Characteristic curve with variation of irradiance and cell temperature. 3.3 Architectural integration. 3.4 Solar tracking PV 4-Inverters. 4.1-Types and functions. Performance. 4.2-Regulation 4.3- Tracking the maximum power point of photovoltaic generrador (MPPT) PV 5- Autonomous photovoltaic systems. 5.1 -Components. Batteries. Charge regulators. Inverters. 5.2- Autonomous photovoltaic systems: and dimensioning schemes. 5.3-Sizing exercises depending on the location and energy requirements. 5.4- Project; complete sizing PV 6. Photovoltaic Systems PV grid connected. 6.1 Schemes 6.2-Photovoltaic systems connected to the grid. Protections. 6.3-Regulations. 6.4- Sizing with specific software (PVSYST). PV 7 Net balance. 7.1- Schemes 7.2- Characteristics. Examples MODULE 2. WIND POWER WIND 1. Wind Energy. Current status and resources. 1.1- Current status of wind power around the world 1.2- Wind resource. Factors affecting wind production. 1.3-Models of assessing wind potential in a wind site.Atlas IDAE. WIND 2. Energy Production 2.1- Power curve. Defining FC, HE. 2.2- Basic exercise for energy calculation (programs and web Alwin IDAE) 2.3- Energy calculation; project focused to a wind generator and site (selected by the student) 2.4- Project for a wind park electric energy production. WIND 3. Wind Technology 3.1- Wind turbine. Types. Components: turbine, tower, hub, generator, gearbox, converter, protections. 3.2- Wind turbine. Sizing wind generators. 3.3- Wind generators.Miniwind.Wind energy from the sea. 3.4- Wind generators. Speed variation associated with the variation of the blade pitch of the turbine. 3.5- Energy calculation as a function of wind speed, blade pitch,¿ WIND 4. Wind energy systems connected to the grid . 4.1 Evolution of the control systems: fixed speed and speed. Tracking the maximum power point with maximum efficiency at part load. Speed control systems and power at part load and full load. 4.2- Wind farms.Sizing. Network Attached Project wind farm. Using specific software (RETScreen). 4-3. Network integration 4.4- Voltage Dips. Stability. Regulations. 4.5-Exercise voltage network nodes WIND 5. Autonomous wind systems. 5.1-Types and functions. 5.2-Windpumps. 5.3- Selection. WIND 6. Regulation 6.1-Regulation in the field of renewable energies. 6.2-Spanish case. MODULE 3- Hybrid systems. 3.1-Microgrids with photovoltaic generation, wind and accumulation systems. Types and functions. 3.2- Regulations. 3.3- Dimensioning with specific software (Homer Pro). MODULE 4. SUSTAINABILITY 4.1- Sustainability. 4.2-RREE. Summary by technologies. 4.3- Energy efficiency 4.4-Energy from the sea.
Learning activities and methodology
- Teacher lessons, doubts resolution classes -in reduced groups-, students presentations, individual mentorship and student work to acquire theoretical concepts (3 ECTS credits). - Experimental lessons in the Laboratory, exercise classes in reduced groups, students presentations, individual mentorship and student work to acquire experimental concepts (3 ECTS credits).
Assessment System
  • % end-of-term-examination 30
  • % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 70
Calendar of Continuous assessment
Basic Bibliography
  • Deutsche Gesellschaft Für Sonnenenergie . Planning and Installing Photovoltaic Systems. EarthScan. 2008
  • E. Lorenzo. Energía Fotovoltaica. Progensa. 2014
  • Jose M. Fernandez Salgado. Guia Completa de la Energía Solar Fotovoltaica. AMV Ediciones. 2007
  • Rodríguez Amenedo, José Luis. Sistemas eólicos de producción de energía eléctrica . Rueda. 2003
Recursos electrónicosElectronic Resources *
Additional Bibliography
  • Ecofys. Planning and Installing Photovoltaic Systems: A Guide for Installers, Architects and Engineers. Earthscan, London, . 2005
  • Trevor M. Letcher. Wind Energy Engineering. Academic Press. 2017
(*) Access to some electronic resources may be restricted to members of the university community and require validation through Campus Global. If you try to connect from outside of the University you will need to set up a VPN


The course syllabus may change due academic events or other reasons.