UNIT 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE EXTRACTION METALLURGY
Pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical. Extraction and processing of natural ores
UNIT 2: PIROMETALLURGICAL REACTIONS
Physical conditions of the reactions. Reaction rate. Effect of temperature. Impure materials. Ellingham and Richardson diagrams. Reduction processes.
UNIT 3: PYRIMETALLURGY
Reduction of oxides: lead metallurgy. Roasting of sulphide ores: copper metallurgy. Fused salt electrolysis: aluminum metallurgy.
UNIT 4: STEEL
Steelmaking. Blast furnace. Electric furnace. Steel refining.
UNIT 5: HYDROMETALLURGY REACTIONS
Solubility product. Redox reactions. Electrolysis, Pourbaix diagrams. Diffusion in the liquid state.
UNIT 6: HYDROMETALLURGY
Lixiviation. Concentration. Purification. Precipitation. Processes examples.
UNIT 7: METAL RECYCLING
Extraction of metals from industrial and urban waste. Recycled steel. Recycling of lead, aluminum, copper and zinc. Highly polluting metalsDeveloping recycling processes.
UNIT 8: NUCLEAR WASTE MANAGEMENT
Waste Management of low and high activity. Recycling processes.