Atoms, Molecules and Ions. Chemical bonding.
Thermochemistry and chemical equilibrium.
Chemical Equilibrium: Acid-Base and solubility equilibriums. Electrochemistry.
Applied Organic and Inorganic Chemistry
Basic operations in Chemical Engineering
Topic 1. Atomic structure and periodic properties. Foundations of quantum theory. The periodic table. Periodic properties (Atomic radius. Ionic radius, ionization energy, electronic affinity, electronegativity).
Topic 2. Chemical Bond. Basic concepts. The ionic bond. The covalent bond. Repulsion model of the electronic pairs of the valence shell. Valence Bond Theory (Hybridization). Molecular Orbital Theory. Metallic Link. Intermolecular Forces.
Topic 3. States of matter. Gas Laws. Ideal gas equation. General properties of liquids. Solubility. Vapor pressure. Clausius equation. Equilibrium Phase diagrams (One or two components). Colligative properties of solutions.
Topic 4. Pressure-volume work. First Law of Thermodynamics. Enthalpy and chemical reactions. Hess's law. Heat capacity.
Exercises applied to thermochemical equations and the first law of thermodynamics. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy and spontaneity, reversibility and chemical equilibrium. Entropy and the third law of thermodynamics. Spontaneity: Free energy.
Topic 5. Introduction to the concept of chemical equilibrium. Reversible reactions. Equilibrium constants. Homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibria.
Free energy and chemical equilibrium. Factors that affect the chemical balance. Le Châtelier Principle. Effect of temperature on the equilibrium constant, K.
Topic 6. Basic Concepts. Acid-base theories. The AcidBase Properties of Water. The Self-Ionization of Water. pH Scale. The ionization constant.
Strength of Acids and Bases. Relationship between the ionization constants of acids and their conjugate bases. Polyprotic Acids AcidBase Properties of Salts. Hydrolysis. The Common-Ion Effect in Acid-Base Equilibria. Buffer solutions. Solubility. Solubility Equilibria. The Common Ion Effect.
Topic 7. Concept of oxidation and reduction. Types of electrochemical cells. Redox reactions. Calculation of electrochemical potentials. Spontaneous redox reactions. Effect of concentration on chemical potential. Faraday's Laws. Examples of electrochemical cells. Redox processes in aqueous medium. Corrosion cells. Cathodic protection and passivation.
Topic 8. Introduction to Organic Chemistry. Nomenclature. Hydrocarbons (aliphatic and aromatic). Physical properties of organic compounds. Isomerism. Organic Reactions.
Topic 9. (I) Introduction to Organic Chemistry. Nomenclature. Hydrocarbons (aliphatic and aromatic). Physical properties of organic compounds. Isomerism. Organic Reactions.
Topic 9 (II). Fossil fuels. Coal, natural gas and oil. Energy exploitation of fossil fuels. Combustion reactions. Stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric mixtures. Industrial exploitation of fossil fuels. Petrochemical and carbochemical industry. Other sources of energy. Exercises related to the topic.
Topic 10. Basic principles and concepts in Chemical Engineering. Classification of basic operations. Macroscopic balances. Mass balances. Basic operations. Mass transfer. Energy transfer. Mass and Energy Transfer operations. Momentum Transfer Operations.