Checking date: 25/06/2021


Course: 2021/2022

Chemical basis of engineering
(15325)
Study: Bachelor in Aerospace Engineering (251)


Coordinating teacher: OLMOS DIAZ, DANIA

Department assigned to the subject: Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Chemical Engineering

Type: Basic Core
ECTS Credits: 6.0 ECTS

Course:
Semester:

Branch of knowledge: Engineering and Architecture



Requirements (Subjects that are assumed to be known)
High School Chemistry
Objectives
To understand the basic principles of Chemistry: structure and properties of matter, thermochemistry and chemical equilibrium. To understand the basic principles of Chemical Engineering: mass balances, chemical equilibrium and reaction rates. To introduce the main inorganic and organic products and their production processes. To explain the reactivity of the main inorganic and organic functional groups as well as their application in industrial synthesis. To enable students to operate simple analytical equipment, to analyse and interpret their results. General skills encouraged during the duration of the course: -Ability to solve complex problems -Ability to search for, understand and use relevant information in a decision-making process -Ability to apply multidisciplinary knowledge for resolving a specific problem -Ability to work in a group and distribute the workload in order to solve complex problems General skills acquired by the student: - Ability to obtain the necessary information, knowledge or understanding in order to develop solutions for specific applications
Skills and learning outcomes
Description of contents: programme
Atoms, Molecules and Ions. Chemical bonding. Thermochemistry and chemical equilibrium. Chemical Equilibrium: Acid-Base and solubility equilibriums. Electrochemistry. Chemical Kinetics Applied Organic and Inorganic Chemistry Basic operations in Chemical Engineering Description Topic 1. Atomic structure and periodic properties. Foundations of quantum theory. The periodic table. Periodic properties (Atomic radius. Ionic radius, ionization energy, electronic affinity, electronegativity). Topic 2. Chemical Bond. Basic concepts. The ionic bond. The covalent bond. Repulsion model of the electronic pairs of the valence shell. Valence Bond Theory (Hybridization). Molecular Orbital Theory. Metallic Link. Intermolecular Forces. Topic 3. States of matter. Gas Laws. Ideal gas equation. General properties of liquids. Solubility. Vapor pressure. Clausius equation. Equilibrium Phase diagrams (One or two components). Colligative properties of solutions. Topic 4. Pressure-volume work. First Law of Thermodynamics. Enthalpy and chemical reactions. Hess's law. Heat capacity. Exercises applied to thermochemical equations and the first law of thermodynamics. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy and spontaneity, reversibility and chemical equilibrium. Entropy and the third law of thermodynamics. Spontaneity: Free energy. Topic 5. Introduction to the concept of chemical equilibrium. Reversible reactions. Equilibrium constants. Homogeneous and heterogeneous equilibria. Free energy and chemical equilibrium. Factors that affect the chemical balance. Le Châtelier Principle. Effect of temperature on the equilibrium constant, K. Topic 6. Basic Concepts. Acid-base theories. The AcidBase Properties of Water. The Self-Ionization of Water. pH Scale. The ionization constant. Strength of Acids and Bases. Relationship between the ionization constants of acids and their conjugate bases. Polyprotic Acids AcidBase Properties of Salts. Hydrolysis. The Common-Ion Effect in Acid-Base Equilibria. Buffer solutions. Solubility. Solubility Equilibria. The Common Ion Effect. Topic 7. Concept of oxidation and reduction. Types of electrochemical cells. Redox reactions. Calculation of electrochemical potentials. Spontaneous redox reactions. Effect of concentration on chemical potential. Faraday's Laws. Examples of electrochemical cells. Redox processes in aqueous medium. Corrosion cells. Cathodic protection and passivation. Topic 8. Introduction to Organic Chemistry. Nomenclature. Hydrocarbons (aliphatic and aromatic). Physical properties of organic compounds. Isomerism. Organic Reactions. Topic 9. (I) Introduction to Organic Chemistry. Nomenclature. Hydrocarbons (aliphatic and aromatic). Physical properties of organic compounds. Isomerism. Organic Reactions. Topic 9 (II). Fossil fuels. Coal, natural gas and oil. Energy exploitation of fossil fuels. Combustion reactions. Stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric mixtures. Industrial exploitation of fossil fuels. Petrochemical and carbochemical industry. Other sources of energy. Exercises related to the topic. Topic 10. Basic principles and concepts in Chemical Engineering. Classification of basic operations. Macroscopic balances. Mass balances. Basic operations. Mass transfer. Energy transfer. Mass and Energy Transfer operations. Momentum Transfer Operations.
Learning activities and methodology
Master classes, tutorial classes in small groups dedicated to resolving student questions and doubts, student presentations, individual tutorials, and individual work by the students; activities dedicated to acquisition of theoretical knowledge related to the lecture course (3 ECTS credits) Laboratory practical sessions and classes in small groups dedicated to solving question sheets, individual tutorials and individual work by the student; activities dedicated to acquisition of practical skills related to the lecture course (3 ECTS credits)
Assessment System
  • % end-of-term-examination 60
  • % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 40
Calendar of Continuous assessment
Basic Bibliography
  • K. HEINZ BÜCHNER, HANS-HEINRICH MORETTO, P. WODITSCH,. Industrial Inorganic Chemistry. Wiley-VCH; 2000..
  • K. WEISSERMEL, HANS-JÜRGEN ARPE,. Industrial Organic Chemistry. 4th Edition, Wiley & Sons; 1997..
  • P.W. ATKINS, L. JONES.. Chemical Principles. W H Freeman & Co, 2001.
  • R. CHANG.. Chemistry,. McGraw-Hill Science, 2006..

The course syllabus and the academic weekly planning may change due academic events or other reasons.