Course: 2024/2025

Linear Algebra

(14010)

By the end of this content area, students will be able to have:
1. Knowledge and understanding of the mathematical principles of linear algebra underlying Industrial Electronics and Automation Engineering;
2. The ability to apply their knowledge and understanding to identify, formulate and solve mathematical problems of linear algebra using established methods;
3. The ability to select and use appropriate tools and methods to solve mathematical problems using linear algebra;
4. The ability to combine theory and practice to solve mathematical problems of linear algebra.

Skills and learning outcomes

Description of contents: programme

Lecture 0. Introduction to Complex Numbers.
0.1. Definition. Sum and Product.
0.2. Conjugate, Modulus and Argument.
0.3. Complex Exponential.
0.4. Powers and Roots of Complex Numbers.
Lecture 1. Systems of Linear Equations.
1.1. Introduction to Systems of Linear Equations.
1.2. Row Reduction and Echelon Forms.
1.3. Vector Equations.
1.4. The Matrix Equation Ax=b.
1.5. Solution Sets of Linear Systems.
Lecture 2. Matrix Algebra.
2.1. Matrix Operations.
2.2. The Inverse of a Matrix.
2.3. Block-Partitioned Matrices.
2.4. Determinants.
Lecture 3. Vector Spaces.
3.1. Vector Spaces and Subspaces.
3.2. Linearly Independent Sets and Bases.
3.3. Coordinate Systems and Dimension.
3.4. Linear Transformations
Lecture 4. Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors.
4.1. Introduction to Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors.
4.2. The Characteristic Equation.
4.3. Diagonalization of Square Matrices.
Lecture 5. Orthogonality and Least Squares.
5.1. Inner Product, Norm, and Orthogonality.
5.2. Orthogonal Sets.
5.3. Orthogonal Projections.
5.4. The Gram-Schmidt Method.
5.5. Least-Squares Problems.
Lecture 6. Symmetric Matrices.
6.1. Diagonalization of Symmetric Matrices.

Learning activities and methodology

The teaching methodology will include:
- Theory classes in large groups, where basic theoretical knowledge and skills will be presented. To facilitate their development, a textbook (Linear Algebra and its Applications, by David C. Lay, 4th edition) will be followed closely. The chronogram of the course will be available to the students, allowing them to prepare the classes in advance.
- Solving exercises by the student, which will serve as self-assessment and to acquire the necessary skills.
- Problem solving classes in small groups, where exercises proposed to students will be explained and discussed.
- Using the electronic resources that the teacher will make available to students in the Aula Global platform.
- Tutorial sessions, individual and voluntary, in which students will have the possibility to consult the teacher their doubts and questions on the subject. The time and place of these sessions will be set by the teacher at the beginning of the course.

Assessment System

- % end-of-term-examination 60
- % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 40

Calendar of Continuous assessment

Extraordinary call: regulations

Basic Bibliography

- David C. Lay. Linear Algebra and its Applications, 4th Edition. Prentice-Hall. 2012

Additional Bibliography

- B. Noble and J. W. Daniel. Applied linear algebra, 3rd ed. Prentice-Hall. 1988
- D. Poole. Linear algebra : a modern introduction, 4th ed. Cengage Learning. 2015
- G. Strang. Linear algebra and its applications, 4th ed. Cengage Learning. 2006

The course syllabus may change due academic events or other reasons.