Course: 2019/2020

Physics I

(14016)

Competences and skills that will be acquired and learning results. Further information on this link

Acquire the knowledge of basic physical phenomena related with engineering in the fields of Mechanics and Thermodynamics.
Understanding and using the scientific method and scientific language.
Development of reasoning strategies and techniques for analysing and solving problems.
Analysis and interpretation of experimental data.
Dealing with laboratory instruments.

Description of contents: programme

1. Kinematics of a particle and relative motion
1.1 Vectors position, velocity and acceleration. Equation of trajectory
1.2 Intrinsic components of acceleration
1.3 Circular motion
1.4 Relative motion
2. Dynamics of a particle I
2.1 Fundamental concepts: mass and force
2.2 Newton's laws
2.3 Free body diagrams
3. Dynamics of a particle II
3.1 Linear momentum
3.2 Linear momentum conservation
3.3 Momentum of a force and angular momentum
4. Conservative and non-conservative forces. Work and energy
4.1 Escalar and vectorial fields. Gradient and rotational functions
4.2 Work an power
4.3 Kinetic energy
4.4 Conservative forces and potential energy
4.5 Non conservative forces
4.6 Conservation of energy
5. Systems of particles
5.1 Internal and external forces
5.2 Center of mass and movement of the center of mass
5.3 Kinetic energy of a system of particles
5.4 Conservation theorems
6. Kinematics of the Rigid Body
6.1 Rotation and translation motion
6.2 Motion of the rigid body in the plane
6.3 Moment of inertia
6.4 Theorem of Steiner
7. Dynamics of the Rigid Body
7.1 Equations of motion of the rigid body
7.2 Rotation work and power
7.3 Kinetic energy of rotation
7.4 Rolling
8. Introduction to Thermodynamics
8.1 Thermodynamics: concepts. Ideal gas
8.2 Equilibrium States. Quasistatic processes and reversible processes
8.3 Work
8.4 Temperature definition
8.5 Thermometry. Ideal gas temperature scale
8.6 Thermal coefficients: expansion and isothermal compressibility
9. First principle
9.1 Heat: Heat capacity and specific heat
9.2 Phase Changes: phase diagrams and latent heat
9.3 Internal energy. Internal energy of an ideal gas
9.4 Experiment of Joule. The first law of thermodynamics
9.5 Application of the First Law to ideal gases: quasistatic processes
10. Second principle
10.1 Heat engines. Efficiency
10.2 Statement of Kelvin-Planck
10.3 Refrigerators and heat pumps
10.4 Statement of Clausius
10.5 Cycle of Carnot
11. Entropy
11.1 Theorem of Clausius
11.2 Entropy. Reversible process
11.3 Entropy in ideal gases
11.4 Diagrams T-S
11.5 Entropy in irreversible processes
11.6 Second law of the thermodynamics

Learning activities and methodology

- Lectures on the specific topics. Provide a theoretical background on physics.
- Recitation classes for solving assigned problems and discussion of specific concepts previously addressed.
- Practical laboratoy sessions. Students must carry out experimental meassurements and analyse the results
- Office hours

Assessment System

- % end-of-term-examination 60
- % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 40

Basic Bibliography

- Bedford, Fowler. Mechanics for engineering. Addison Wesley..
- Beer, Johnston y Cornwell. Vector Mechanics for Engineers. . Mc Graw Hill. .
- Paul Tipler. Physics for the science and the technology. . Ed. reverté 2005.
- Sears, Zemansky, Young, Freedman. Física Universitaria. Wesley 2004.
- Serway, Raymond A.. Physics: for sciences and engineering. . Thomson 2005.

Additional Bibliography

- Alonso-Finn. . Physics. Ed. Addison-Wesley Iberoamericana. 1995.
- Y. Çengel, M. Boles.. Thermodynamics. Mc Graw Hill. 2006