This is a course that includes a base of foundations and a technological base.
The program is divided into the following parts:
- Review of the thermodynamic knowledge of closed systems and control volumes. Application of mass balances and the first and second principles of thermodynamics.
FIRST PART (power plants based on Brayton and Rankine cycles):
- Brayton and Rankine cycles for power production, improved cycles.
-Brayton simple, inter-cooled, with reheating, regenerative, complex and closed cycles. Study of the different types of combustion chambers. Triangle of speeds in compressor and turbine, as well as operating limitations in gas turbines due to the thermal resistance of the blades. Blade cooling systems.
-Rankine simple, reheating, regeneration (extractions of steam and drainages). Complete cycles. Study of the parts of a boiler and the different types of condensation. Analysis of the operation of the Feed Water Heater in the regenerative power generation cycles. Parameters Drain Cooling Approach and Terminal Temperature Difference.
- Combined cycles:
- Study of the operation of combined cycles. Recovery boiler analysis of 1 pressure level. Description of recovery boilers with two and three pressure levels.
-Motors of internal combustion: Description and analysis of internal combustion thermodynamic cycles. Forced ignition engines (MIF) and spontaneous ignition engines (MIE). Engine architecture. Description of operation of the main parts of a combustion engine: cylinder-piston assembly, distribution (camshaft, crankshaft), valve adjustment, cooling. Yields in MCI, specific, indicated, mechanical. Overfeeding of MCI, variable geometry.
- Principles of exergy and exergoeconomics applied to power generation cycles.
-Fundamentals of nuclear energy (Position of nuclear energy in the world and in Spain, fuel, uranium enrichment, types of reactors (PWR, BWR), thermodynamic cycle, reaction control, refrigeration.
-Foundations of thermochemical transformation. Combustion, gasification and pyrolysis. Main reactions of transformation. Characterization of biomass. description of products according to the transformation process. Potential of biomass as fuel. Reactor technology for gasification (special interest in fluidized bed reactors)
-Fundamentals of concentration solar power plants: Global energy production. CO2 emissions. Paris Conference on Climate. European energy state. Concentrating solar energy: Solar energy, absorption temperature effect, heat transfer fluid, energy storage system, concentration technologies, parabolic trough, linear fresnel, Solar tower, dish Stirling.