Course: 2023/2024

Physics I

(14188)

Requirements (Subjects that are assumed to be known)

Initiation to the differential and integral calculus and also vector calculus. Furthernore, good knowledge in trigonometry.
It is recommended to take the zero course in physics offered by our university to new students in all engineering degrees.

By the end of this subject, students will be able to have:
1. Have knowledge and understanding of the physical principles of mechanics and thermodynamics
2. Have the ability to apply their knowledge and understanding in order to identify, formulate and solve problems of mechanics and thermodynamics using established methods
3. Have the ability to design and perform mechanical and thermodynamic experiments, in order to interpret the data obtained and draw conclusions from them.
4. Have laboratory equipment management skills for data collection in mechanics and thermodynamics practices
5. Have the ability to select and use appropriate tools and methods to solve problems of mechanics and thermodynamics
6. Have the ability to combine theory and practice to solve problems of mechanics and thermodynamics

Skills and learning outcomes

Description of contents: programme

1. Kinematics of a particle and relative motion
1.1 Vectors position, velocity and acceleration. Equation of trajectory
1.2 Intrinsic components of acceleration
1.3 Circular motion
1.4 Relative motion
2. Dynamics of a particle
2.1 Fundamental concepts: mass and force
2.2 Newton's laws
2.3 Free body diagrams
2.4 Linear momentum
2.5 Linear momentum conservation
2.6 Momentum of a force and angular momentum
3. Conservative and non-conservative forces. Work and energy
3.1 Escalar and vectorial fields. Gradient and rotational functions
3.2 Work an power
3.3 Kinetic energy
3.4 Conservative forces and potential energy
3.5 Non conservative forces
3.6 Conservation of energy
4. System of particles
4.1 Internal and external forces
4.2 Center of mass and movement of the center of mass
4.3 Kinetic energy of a system of particles
4.4 Conservation theorems
5. Kinematics of the Rigid Body
5.1 Rotation and translation motion
5.2 Motion of the rigid body in the plane
5.3 Moment of inertia
5.4 Theorem of Steiner
6. Dynamics of the Rigid Body
6.1 Equations of motion of the rigid body for translation and rotation
6.2 Rotation work and power
6.3 Kinetic energy of translation and rotation
6.4 Rolling movement
7. Introduction to Thermodynamics
7.1 Thermodynamics: concepts. Ideal gas
7.2 Equilibrium States. Quasistatic processes and reversible processes
7.3 Work
7.4 Temperature definition
7.5 Thermometry. Ideal gas temperature scale
7.6 Thermal coefficients: expansion and isothermal compressibility
8. First principle
8.1 Heat: Heat capacity and specific heat
8.2 Phase Changes: phase diagrams and latent heat
8.3 Internal energy. Internal energy of an ideal gas
8.4 Experiment of Joule. The first law of thermodynamics
8.5 Application of the First Law to ideal gases: quasistatic processes
9. Second principle
9.1 Heat engines; efficiency
9.2 Statement of Kelvin-Planck
9.3 Refrigerators and heat pumps
9.4 Statement of Clausius
9.5 Cycle of Carnot
10. Entropy
10.1 Theorem of Clausius
10.2 Entropy. Reversible process
10.3 Entropy in ideal gases
10.4 Diagrams T-S
10.5 Entropy in irreversible processes
10.6 Second law of the thermodynamics

Learning activities and methodology

Lectures on theory, student presentations and personal work; aimed at the acquisition of theoretical knowledge (3 ECTS).
Laboratory practical sessions of compulsory attendance, problem-solving sessions in small groups with direct and active interaction between students and teacher, tutorials and personal work, aimed at the acquisition of practical skills related to the program of the course (3 credits ECTS .)

Assessment System

- % end-of-term-examination 60
- % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 40

Basic Bibliography

- Alonso-Finn. Física. Ed. Addison-Wesley Iberoamericana. 1995
- Beer, Jonston y Cornwell. Mecánica Vectorial para Ingenieros. Volumenes Estática y Dinámica.. Mc Graw Hill..
- Ohanian, H.C., Markert, J.T.. Física para ingeniería y ciencias. McGraw-Hill. 2009
- Tipler, P. A.. Física para la ciencia y la tecnología.. Ed Reverté . 2005

Additional Bibliography

- Burbano de Ercilla S., Burbano García E.. Problemas de Física. Tebar. 2004
- Hewitt, P.G.. Física Conceptual. Pearson-Addison Wesley. 2004
- Y. Çengel, M. Boles. Termodinámica. Mc Graw Hill. 2006.

The course syllabus may change due academic events or other reasons.