Checking date: 22/06/2020

Course: 2020/2021

Spanish semantics and pragmatics
Study: Bachelor in Humanities (213)

Coordinating teacher: GARCES GOMEZ, MARIA PILAR

Department assigned to the subject: Department of Humanities: Philosophy, Language, Literature Theory

Type: Electives
ECTS Credits: 6.0 ECTS


Students are expected to have completed
The student needs a perfect domain of Spanish and its orthography to pass this subject.
Competences and skills that will be acquired and learning results. Further information on this link
The goal of this subject is the student´s formation in the meaning analysis of the words, the types of semantic relationship established between them and the meaning that is acquired when they are used in a specific context. The student is expected to be able: - To understand the phenomena of the meaning in its linguistic ambit. - To determine the general dimensions of the meaning. - To distinguish between lexical, grammatical and sentence meaning. - To distinguish between homonym and synonym phenomena. - To understand that words are semantically related and in different levels: inclusion, exclusion, identity and opposition relations. - To assume that the lexical meaning may change and to take into account the importance of metaphor and metonymy in this process. - To distinguish between semantic and pragmatic processes in the assignation of the meaning to the sentences. - To explain how the inferential processes, which help to the interpretation, are realized. - To analyze the argumentative mechanisms which allow getting specific conclusions. - To determine the principles which take place in the coherence and cohesion of the texts.
Description of contents: programme
The programme is divided into two main parts. The first one focuses on semantic aspects, preferably, lexical semantics. So, different aspects related to words meaning will be studied and the connections which, from a semantic point of view, exist between them, because the vocabulary of a language is not constituted by a group of isolated units, but by a network which allows us to organize them properly. The second one focuses on the analysis of the contextual factors that take place in the interpretation of the sentences processes and that determine its concrete meaning. I. SEMANTICS 1. General aspects about Semantics 1.1. Semantics. 1.2. Linguistic meaning. 1.3. Meaning analysis. 2. Lexical Semantics 2.1. Lexical ambiguity 2.2. Homonym 2.3. Polysemy 2.4. Vagueness 3. Meaning relations 3.1. Identity and similarity relations. 3.2. Inclusion relations. 3.3. Exclusion and opposition relations. 4. Meaning extensions 4.1. Literal and not literal meaning. 4.2. Metaphor and metonymy 4.3. Ambiguity and presupposition II. PRAGMATICS 5. Pragmatic perspective 5.1. Linguistic communication. 5.2. Communication components. 5.3. Meaning and interpretation. 6. Speaking acts 6.1. Speaking acts classification. 6.2. Direct and indirect speaking acts. 6.3. Speaking acts in the interpretation. 7. Pragmatic inferences and implications 7.1. The cooperation principle. 7.2. The relevance theory. 7.3. Codification and inference processes. 8. Argumentation in language 8.1. The argumentation in the language. 8.2. Argumentative orientation. 8.3. Argumentative connectors and operators. 8.4. The argumentative strength. 8.5. Argumentative functions. 8.6. Communicative polyphony. 9. Textual coherence and cohesion mechanisms 9.1. Textual coherence and cohesion. 9.1.1. Basic principles for a coherent text. 9.1.2. Basic coherence conditions. 9.2. Cohesion. 9.2.1. Linguistic mechanisms to assure the cohesion. 9.2.2. The discourse markers.
Learning activities and methodology
IN ¿ CLASS/VIRTUAL ACTIVITIES The subject is divided into two types of lessons: theoretical and practical, although a practical focus will be present in almost every session. In the theoretical classes, online, each theme will be explained, considering, specially, those relevant aspects or those which, due to its difficulty, are in need of a slower attention. The practical lessons will consist, overall, in texts analysis and exercises. Also, the students will prepare, in a group, an oral presentation of some of the studied themes and they will write a text about those presentations. INDIVIDUAL ACTIVITIES As well as face to face and virtual sessions, the students should do other activities out of the room in an individual way. These activities will be marked in the chronogram and they will focus on the next aspects: - Theoretical study. The study of the contents related to the theoretical classes: to study themes; work in the library; recommended reads. - Practical study: the realization of the proposed exercises, to consult bibliography. - Practical works: to prepare individual activities in a group and to present them in class and, later, to give them to the teacher. - To read the proposed reads. - To prepare the final writing exam. DISTRIBUTION OF THE WORK ¿ In-Class/virtual work: 60 hours. - Individual work: 90 hours. - Total work: 150 hours (6 ECTS) TUTORIALS There will be two hours of virtual tutorials every week.
Assessment System
  • % end-of-term-examination 60
  • % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 40
Basic Bibliography
  • ALBA-JUEZ, Laura / MACKENZIE, J. Lachland. Pragmatics. Cognition, context, culture. Madrid, McGraw-Hill. 2016
  • CASAS GÓMEZ, Miguel,. Las relaciones léxicas,. Tübingen, Niemeyer, 1999.
  • CRUSE, D. A.,. Meaning in language. An introduction to Semantics and Pragmatics,. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  • DE MIGUEL, Elena (ed.),. Panorama de la lexicología,. Barcelona, Ariel, 2009.
  • ESCANDELL VIDAL, María Victoria,. Introducción a la pragmática,. Barcelona, Ariel, 2006.
  • GARCÉS GÓMEZ, María Pilar. La organización del discurso. Madrid / Frankfurt, Iberoamericana / Vervuert, 2008.
  • GARCÍA MURGA, Fernando. Semántica. Madrid, Síntesis. 2015
  • GUTIÉRREZ ORDÓÑEZ, Salvador,. Introducción a la semántica funcional,. Madrid, Síntesis, 1996.
  • GUTIÉRREZ ORDÓÑEZ, Salvador,. De Semántica y Pragmática,. Madrid, Síntesis, 2002.
  • LYONS, John. Semántica,. Barcelona, Teide,. 1997.
  • LYONS, John,. Lenguaje, significado y contexto, . Barcelona, Paidós, . 1981.
  • OTAOLA OLANO, Concepción,. Lexicología y semántica léxica: teoría y aplicación a la lengua española,. Madrid, Ediciones Académica, 2004.
  • PONS BORDERÍA, Salvador. Conceptos y aplicaciones de la Teoría de la Relevancia, . Madrid, Arco Libros, . 2004
  • PORTOLÉS, José,. Pragmática para hispanistas,. Madrid, Síntesis, 2004.
  • REYES, Graciela,. El abecé de la pragmática,. Madrid, Arco Libros, 1994.
  • RIEMER, N., . Introducing Semantics,. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press,. 2010.
  • TESO MARTÍN, Enrique del. Compendio y ejercicios de semántica 1. Madrid, Arco Libros, 2002.
  • TESO MARTÍN, Enrique del. Compendio y ejercicios de semántica 2. Madrid, Arco Libros, 2007.
  • VARIOS AUTORES. Semántica. Madrid, Akal. 2014
Additional Bibliography
  • BERTUCELLI-PAPI, M.,. ¿Qué es la pragmática?. Barcelona, Paidós,. 1996.
  • BROWN, G. / YULE, G.,. Análisis del discurso,. Madrid, Visor, 1993.
  • CASADO VELARDE, M.,. Introducción a la gramática del texto en español,. Madrid, Arco Libros, 1995.
  • ESCANDELL, V., . Fundamentos de semántica composicional, . Barcelona, Ariel, . 2004.
  • FUENTES, C. / ALCAIDE, E. R.,. Mecanismos lingüísticos de persuasión,. Madrid, Arco Libros, 2002.
  • LAKOFF, G. / JOHNSON, M.,. Metaphors We Live by,. Chicago, 1980. (Traducción española. Metáforas de la vida cotidiana, Madrid, Cátedra.).
  • LYONS, J.,. Semántica,. Barcelona, Teide, 1989.
  • MOESCHLER, J. / REBOUL, A., . Diccionario enciclopédico de pragmática, . Madrid, Arrecife, . 1999.
  • NÚÑEZ, R. / DEL TESO, E.,. Semántica y pragmática del texto común,. Madrid, Cátedra, 1996.
  • SPERBER, D. / WILSON, D.,. Relevance,. Oxford, Blackwell, 1995, 2ª ed. revisada y aumentada.
  • THOMAS, J., . Meaning in Interaction, . Londres, Longman, . 1995.
  • VERSCHUEREN, Jef. Para comprender la pragmática. Madrid, Gredos, 2003.

The course syllabus and the academic weekly planning may change due academic events or other reasons.