Checking date: 25/04/2024

Course: 2024/2025

Spanish history: 20th century
Bachelor in Film, Television and Media Studies (Plan: 382 - Estudio: 211)

Coordinating teacher: SANCHEZ PEREZ, FRANCISCO

Department assigned to the subject: Humanities: History, Geography and Art Department

Type: Basic Core
ECTS Credits: 6.0 ECTS


Branch of knowledge: Social Sciences and Law

1. The main objective of this course is that students acquire a body of basic knowledge, which will enable them to analyse the recent past of the history of Spain. A long-term perspective on the problems is an essential tool for the critical perception of today's Spain. 2. The acquired knowledge will qualify students to explain the complex implementation of civil, political and social rights in Spanish society, to reflect on the normality and specificities of the history of Spain in a European context and to acquire a deep and complex vision of the current problems of the Spanish and, therefore, global society. 3. The students will assimilate a complete and detailed knowledge of the historical problems that will arise during the course. They will also learn to critically analyse texts, pictures and documentaries, understanding the deeper motivations of their creators and the specific interests that drive them. 4. Finally, the students will learn to apply the methods of analysis of the past to the historian's own present problems, which are a more specific field of study for the media specialist.
Skills and learning outcomes
Description of contents: programme
The program is divided into for main sections: Part 1: The early twentieth century 1. 1. Economic, social and cultural outlook of Spain between 1900 and 1930. 1. 2. The war in Cuba and "regenerationism". 1. 3. Political crisis of the Restoration system. The opposition to the system: socialism, anarchism, nationalism. 1. 4. The war in Africa and the military question. 1. 5. The Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera (1923-1930) Part 2. The crisis of the Thirties (1931-1939) 2. 1. The arrival of the Second Republic. The reformist biennium (1931-1933). 2. 2. The Radical-CEDA biennium. The center-right in power (1933-1936). 2. 3. The elections of 1936 and the military uprising. 2. 4. The Spanish Civil War: causes, stages and development. 2. 5. Evolution of the sides in conflict. Republican Spain and rebellious Spain. Part 3: Franco's Spain (1939-1975) 3. 1 The postwar period and the repression. The first Francoism: from national-syndicalism to national-Catholicism (1939-1959). 3. 2. The dictatorship, from its heyday to its decline (1959-1975). Economic, social and political transformations. The opposition groups. 3. 3. Approach to the figure of Francisco Franco Part 4. Democracy in Spain (1975-present) 4. 1. The origins of the transition to democracy 4. 2. The centrist period (1976-1982). The Spanish Constitution of 1978 and the establishment of the autonomies regime 4. 3. The socialist period: transformation, welfare and crisis (1982-1996). Spain in Europe 4. 4. The Popular Party government (1996-2004)
Learning activities and methodology
1. Lectures Fundamentals of Spanish history of the twentieth century. Basic understanding on this matter and its various forms of expression, especially the audiovisual ones. Skills 1 and 2 (1.5 ECTS). 2. Sessions based on class assignments. Analysis and commentary on contemporary Spanish cases. Interpretation of expressive forms of manifestations of the Spanish culture. Skills 3 and 4 (1 ECTS) 3. Student work. Supervised study of theoretical and practical content and teaching materials. Skills 1, 2 and 3 (1 ECTS). Preparation of papers for each of the four teaching units comprising the program. Skills 4 (2 ECTS). In this subject, students must not use artificial intelligence tools to carry out the work or exercises proposed by the teacher. In the event that the use of AI by the student gives rise to academic fraud by falsifying the results of an exam or work required to accredit academic performance, the provisions of the Regulations of the Carlos III University of Madrid will apply. Regulations as partial development of Law 3/2022, of February 24, on university coexistence.
Assessment System
  • % end-of-term-examination 60
  • % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 40

Calendar of Continuous assessment

Extraordinary call: regulations
Basic Bibliography
  • BAHAMONDE, Ángel (coord.). Historia de España, siglo XX, 1875-1939. Madrid, Cátedra. 2000
  • BAHAMONDE, Ángel y MARTÍNEZ, Jesús A.. Historia de España siglo XIX. Madrid, Cátedra. 1994
  • CASANOVA, Julián y GIL ANDRÉS, Carlos. Twentieth-Century Spain: A History. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. 2014
  • MARTÍNEZ MARTÍN, Jesús. España, siglo XX. Madrid, Cátedra. 2022
  • MARTÍNEZ, Jesús A. y ARÓSTEGUI, Julio. Historia de España siglo XX, 1939-1996. Madrid, Cátedra. 1999
  • SÁNCHEZ PÉREZ, Francisco (coord.); GONZÁLEZ CALLLEJA, Eduardo; RUIZ FRANCO, Rosario y RODRÍGUEZ LÓPEZ-BREA, Carlos María. La España del siglo XX. Síntesis y Materiales para su estudio. Madrid, Alianza. 2015
  • TUSELL, Javier. Historia de España en el siglo XX. Madrid, Taurus. 1999, 4 vols.
  • TUÑÓN DE LARA, Manuel. La España del siglo XX. Barcelona, Laia. 1974
Additional Bibliography
  • GONZÁLEZ CALLEJA, Eduardo. La España de Primo de Rivera: la modernización autoritaria, 1923-1930. Madrid, Alianza. 2005
  • GONZÁLEZ CALLEJA, Eduardo; COBO ROMERO, Francisco; MARTÍNEZ RUS, Ana y SÁNCHEZ PÉREZ, . La Segunda República española. Barcelona, Pasado & Presente. 2015
  • PRESTON, Paul. Franco: a Biography. Londres, HarperCollins. 1993
  • PRESTON, Paul. The Spanish Civil War: Reaction, Revolution and Revenge. Londres, HarperCollins. 2006

The course syllabus may change due academic events or other reasons.