This subject starts with an introduction which aim is to give the student one of the most significant features of our Law: the legal-civil plurality of the Spanish System. It continues with the indispensable study of the person, which is the core and axis of the discipline: beginning and end of it, its capacity, civil protection of the so called personality rights and the regime of the different civil statutes. Also subject to analysis is the general legal regime of artificial or legal persons, and of foundations and associations in particular. The last part of the program is dedicated to the core questions of Private Law, such as the patrimony and its types, the subjective right and its limits, the autonomy of will and act of the law and the representation.
The subject deals with essential matters not only for the Civil Law, but also for other fields of Private Law, so we could speak of an introduction to Private Law.
INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL LAW
Lesson 1.- Spanish Civil Law.
1.- Civil Law: concept and current content.
2.- Legal-civil plurality in the Spanish legal system: Foral Laws.
3.- Legislative competence with regard to Civil Law.
4.- The Civil Code and special civil laws.
5.- The system of sources of Civil Law.
Lesson 2. The person.
1.- Concept of person.
2.- Civil or natural capacity and legal capacity. Civil statutes: historic significance and current sense.
3.- Starting of personality. Legal protection of the nasciturus.
4.- Death and declaration thereof.
Lesson 3. Personality rights.
1.- Personality rights: concept and characteristics.
2.- Right to life and integrity.
3.- Liberty right and how it shows.
4.- Honour, personal and family privacy rights.
5.- Right to a name.
Lesson 4.- Legal capacity or capacity to act
1.- Legal age.
2.- Minority. Parental authority.
3.- The emancipated minor.
4.- Incapacitation. The patrimonial protection of disabled people.
6.- Tutorship and curatorship.
Lesson 5.- Nationality. Civil residence. Domicile.
1.- Nationality: concept and significance.
2.- Basic legal regime of Spanish nationality.
3.- Civil residence.
Lesson 6.- Civil Registry.
1.- The Civil Registry: concept and purpose.
2.- Object and scope of the Civil Registry.
3.- Organization of the Civil Registry.
4.- Kinds and value of the entries.
5.- Publicity of the Civil Registry.
ARTIFICIAL OR LEGAL PERSONS
Lesson 7.- Artificial or legal persons.
1.- The basis and significance of the legal person.
2.- The abuse of the legal person.
3.- Types of legal persons.
4.- The constitution of the legal person.
5.- Operation of legal person.
6.- Domicile and nationality of legal persons.
7.- Extinction of the legal person.
Lesson 8.- Associations.
1.- Concept and elements of associations.
2.- Types of associations.
3.- Constitution of associations.
4.- Organization of associations.
5.- The extinction of associations.
Lesson 9. Foundations.
1.- Concept and elements of foundations.
2.- Constutition of foundations.
3.- Organization of foundations.
4.- Modification, merge and extinction of foundations.
Lesson 10. The patrimony.
1.- Patrimony: concept, composition and basic functions.
2.- Kinds of patrimony.
3.- The goods: concept and requirements.
4.- Classification of goods.
5. Products, improvements and expenses.
Lesson 11.- Subjective right.
1.- Subjective right: concept, structure and types.
2.- Birth, acquisition, modification, transfer, loss and extinction of the subjective right. Waiver of rights.
3.- The exercise of the subjective right and its limits.
4. Good faith as limit to the exercise of the subjective right.
5.- Abuse of right.
Lesson 12. Prescription and caducity
1.- Extinctive prescription: concept and characteristics.
2.- Object and effect of prescription.
3.- The starting of prescription.
4.- Interruption of prescription.
5.- Terms of prescription.
6.- Waiver to the prescription.
AUTONOMY OF WILL AND ACT OF THE LAW
Lesson 13. Act of the Law
1.- The legal fact.
2.- The legal act.
3.- Private autonomy: concept, functions and limits.
4.- The act of the Law.
5.- Classification of the acts of the Law.
Lesson 14.- Representation
1.- The representation phenomena: concept, hypothesis and requirements.
2.- Scope and kinds of legal representation.
3.- Legal representation and voluntary representation.
4.- Voluntary representation: direct representation and indirect representation.
5.- Voluntary representation: the act of empowering.
6.- Representation with oneself: autocontracting.