Checking date: 07/05/2020

Course: 2019/2020

Introduction to civil law
Study: Bachelor in Law (206)

Coordinating teacher: SIRVENT GARCIA, JORGE

Department assigned to the subject: Department of Private Law

Type: Basic Core
ECTS Credits: 6.0 ECTS


Branch of knowledge: Social Sciences and Law

The student shall reach, from the comprehension and critical analysis, a reasonable level of knowledge with regard to the discipline, and shall conveniently learn to solve practical conflicts. The student shall achieve, in this first course, skills in the use of technical legal terminology within the Civil Law, as well as to deal with bibliographic and jurisprudential sources.
Description of contents: programme
This subject starts with an introduction which aim is to give the student one of the most significant features of our Law: the legal-civil plurality of the Spanish System. It continues with the indispensable study of the person, which is the core and axis of the discipline: beginning and end of it, its capacity, civil protection of the so called personality rights and the regime of the different civil statutes. Also subject to analysis is the general legal regime of artificial or legal persons, and of foundations and associations in particular. The last part of the program is dedicated to the core questions of Private Law, such as the patrimony and its types, the subjective right and its limits, the autonomy of will and act of the law and the representation. The subject deals with essential matters not only for the Civil Law, but also for other fields of Private Law, so we could speak of an introduction to Private Law. PROGRAM INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL LAW Lesson 1.- Spanish Civil Law. 1.- Civil Law: concept and current content. 2.- Legal-civil plurality in the Spanish legal system: Foral Laws. 3.- Legislative competence with regard to Civil Law. 4.- The Civil Code and special civil laws. 5.- The system of sources of Civil Law. PERSON¿S LAW Lesson 2. The person. 1.- Concept of person. 2.- Civil or natural capacity and legal capacity. Civil statutes: historic significance and current sense. 3.- Starting of personality. Legal protection of the nasciturus. 4.- Death and declaration thereof. Lesson 3. Personality rights. 1.- Personality rights: concept and characteristics. 2.- Right to life and integrity. 3.- Liberty right and how it shows. 4.- Honour, personal and family privacy rights. 5.- Right to a name. Lesson 4.- Legal capacity or capacity to act 1.- Legal age. 2.- Minority. Parental authority. 3.- The emancipated minor. 4.- Incapacitation. The patrimonial protection of disabled people. 5.- Prodigality. 6.- Tutorship and curatorship. Lesson 5.- Nationality. Civil residence. Domicile. 1.- Nationality: concept and significance. 2.- Basic legal regime of Spanish nationality. 3.- Civil residence. 4.- Domicile. 5.- Absence. Lesson 6.- Civil Registry. 1.- The Civil Registry: concept and purpose. 2.- Object and scope of the Civil Registry. 3.- Organization of the Civil Registry. 4.- Kinds and value of the entries. 5.- Publicity of the Civil Registry. ARTIFICIAL OR LEGAL PERSONS Lesson 7.- Artificial or legal persons. 1.- The basis and significance of the legal person. 2.- The abuse of the legal person. 3.- Types of legal persons. 4.- The constitution of the legal person. 5.- Operation of legal person. 6.- Domicile and nationality of legal persons. 7.- Extinction of the legal person. Lesson 8.- Associations. 1.- Concept and elements of associations. 2.- Types of associations. 3.- Constitution of associations. 4.- Organization of associations. 5.- The extinction of associations. Lesson 9. Foundations. 1.- Concept and elements of foundations. 2.- Constutition of foundations. 3.- Organization of foundations. 4.- Modification, merge and extinction of foundations. THE PATRIMONY Lesson 10. The patrimony. 1.- Patrimony: concept, composition and basic functions. 2.- Kinds of patrimony. 3.- The goods: concept and requirements. 4.- Classification of goods. 5. Products, improvements and expenses. SUBJECTIVE RIGHT Lesson 11.- Subjective right. 1.- Subjective right: concept, structure and types. 2.- Birth, acquisition, modification, transfer, loss and extinction of the subjective right. Waiver of rights. 3.- The exercise of the subjective right and its limits. 4. Good faith as limit to the exercise of the subjective right. 5.- Abuse of right. Lesson 12. Prescription and caducity 1.- Extinctive prescription: concept and characteristics. 2.- Object and effect of prescription. 3.- The starting of prescription. 4.- Interruption of prescription. 5.- Terms of prescription. 6.- Waiver to the prescription. 7. Caducity. AUTONOMY OF WILL AND ACT OF THE LAW Lesson 13. Act of the Law 1.- The legal fact. 2.- The legal act. 3.- Private autonomy: concept, functions and limits. 4.- The act of the Law. 5.- Classification of the acts of the Law. REPRESENTATION Lesson 14.- Representation 1.- The representation phenomena: concept, hypothesis and requirements. 2.- Scope and kinds of legal representation. 3.- Legal representation and voluntary representation. 4.- Voluntary representation: direct representation and indirect representation. 5.- Voluntary representation: the act of empowering. 6.- Representation with oneself: autocontracting.
Learning activities and methodology
Three on-site lessons shall be taught every week. A first theory class (magisterial lesson), of one hour and a half of duration, where the basic contents of the program of subject shall be explained. For the adequate understanding of the explanations, the prior reading of the handbook of reference is absolutely necessary. In a second session (practical), also of one hour and a half, practices and workshops shall be made where the students shall legally discuss and argue about the subjects proposed, acquiring the necessary skills for the solution of real situations and conflicts.
Assessment System
  • % end-of-term-examination 60
  • % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 40
Basic Bibliography
  • . Comentarios al Codigo Civil y Compilaciones Forales (dirigidos por ALBALADEJO).. Edersa. Madrid.
  • . Comentarios al Codigo Civil y Compilaciones Forales (dirigidos por ALBALADEJO). Edersa. Madrid. Edersa. Madrid.
  • ALBALADEJO. Derecho civil. I. Introducción y Parte General.. Madrid.
  • BELUCHE RINCÓN, SIRVENT GARCÍA. Introducción al Derecho civil y Derecho de la persona. Libro de ejercicios prácticos y materiales. Tecnos. Madrid. 2009.
  • CARRASCO PERERA. Derecho civil: Introducción, Derecho de la persona, Derecho subjetivo, Derecho de propiedad. Madrid.
  • DIEZ PICAZO y GULLON. Sistema de Derecho civil. I. Introducción. Derecho de la persona. Autonomia privada. Persona jurídica.. Madrid.
  • LACRUZ BERDEJO. Elementos de Derecho civil. I. Parte General. Madrid.
  • LASARTE ALVAREZ. Principios de Derecho civil. I. Parte General y Derecho de la Persona. Madrid.
  • LOPEZ, MONTES y ROCA. Derecho civil. Parte General. Derecho de la Persona. Valencia.
  • PAZ ARES, C (dir.). Comentarios al Código Civil. Ministerio de Justicia. Madrid. Ministerio de Justicia.
  • PUIG FERRIOL. Manual de Derecho Civil. I.. Barcelona.

The course syllabus and the academic weekly planning may change due academic events or other reasons.