1 Introduction: The process of European integration. From 6 to 27, from the Treaty of Rome to the Treaty of Lisbon: A brief history of the EU EU Institutions. The Council of the EU and the European Council The European Commission. The Parliament, The Court of Justice and Other European Institutions The EU budget Basic statistics of the European Union: Income, population and territory.
2 The economic crisis in Spain and the EU. Origins of the mortgage and financial crisis. Effects of the crisis in Spain and the EU. European initiatives to overcome the crisis.
3 Economic Theory of Integration. Forms of regional economic integration. Bilateral agreements and preferential agreements. Free trade areas and Customs Unions. Economic Unions and Monetary Unions. Free trade versus protection. The principle of community preference, the TEC and export refunds. Effects of protection on consumers and producers. Tariffs, fees and subsidies. Free Trade Area: Creation and diversion of trade. Customs Union: Pro-competitive effects, Economies of scale. Common Market: Mobility of factors. Economic and Monetary Union. Economic Integration and Growth: Cost Benefit Analysis
4 European monetary integration. The Optimal Monetary Zones model: Asymmetric shocks. The Delors report (1989): From the EMS to the Euro .. Exchange rates and the single European currency .. The ESCB and the European Central Bank .. The Maastrich criteria, the EMS-II and the Stability and Growth Pact
5 Common Policies I: The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Stabilization and Maintenance of income. Redistributive effects: The new and the old CAP. The reforms of the CAP (from CAP92 to CAP2021-27). Expost evaluation of the CAP.
6 Common Policies II: Regional Policy. The real convergence: Competition and regional policy. Structure policy: ERDF and EAGGF. Structure and regional policies. The EIB and the Growth Initiative.
7 Common Policies III: Environmental Policy. The VI Environmental Action Program. Economic instruments for environmental control: Emission Permits and Pigouvian Taxes. The European Emissions Trading Scheme
8 Common Policies IV: Commercial policy (with third countries). Negotiations in the WTO (World Trade Organization). Trade disputes
10 European Integration Dynamic