Checking date: 24/04/2024

Course: 2024/2025

Mechanics and thermodynamics
(18694)
Bachelor in Sciences (Plan: 453 - Estudio: 368)

Coordinating teacher: SANTALLA ARRIBAS, SILVIA NOEMI

Department assigned to the subject: Physics Department

Type: Basic Core
ECTS Credits: 6.0 ECTS

Course:
Semester:

Branch of knowledge: Engineering and Architecture

Requirements (Subjects that are assumed to be known)
Having studied Physics and Mathematics at high school is recommended. Calculus (Course 1 - Semester 1)
Objectives
This first-year subject, belonging to the basic subjects module, aims to provide the student with the basic fundamentals of Mechanics.
Skills and learning outcomes

Description of contents: programme
1. Point particle kinematics - Position, path and displacement. Speed. Acceleration, intrinsic components of acceleration - Integration of equations of motion - Types of movement - Integration of equations of motion without explicit dependence on time - Reference systems 2. Point particle dynamics - Newton's Laws - Types of forces: ad hoc, constraint, friction, elastic, damped and forced elastic... - Linear momentum and impulse - Moment of a force and angular momentum 3. Work and energy. - Work - Power - Kinetic energy - Conservative forces and potential energy. Energy conservation - Non-conservative forces, energy balance. - Scalar and vector fields 4. Point particle systems - Center of masses of a particle system - Kinematics and dynamics of a particle system - Conservation theorems for a particle system 5. Rigid solid - Movement of a rigid solid in one plane - Kinetic energy of rotation - Moment of inertia, parallel axis theorem - Statics and dynamics of a rigid solid - Work and power of rotation - Physical pendulum 6. Waves - Wave motion in 1D - Wave interference, boundary conditions and superposition - Standing waves on a string - Normal single-string modes - Doppler effect 7. Introduction to Thermodynamics - Thermodynamic systems - Temperature: principle of equipartition of energy, zero principle of thermodynamics, thermometers and temperature scale - Thermodynamic state - Equation of state: diagrams and thermodynamic processes, thermal coefficients 8. First principle of thermodynamics - Heat: heat capacity, specific heat, latent heat, calorimetry - Work: pV diagrams - Internal energy - First Law of thermodynamics - Reversible processes in ideal gases 9. Second principle of thermodynamics - Thermodynamic processes - Heat machines: heat engine, refrigerating machine and heat pump - Second law of thermodynamics: Kelvin-Planck statement, Clausius statement, Irreversibility. - Cycles with ideal gases: Carnot cycle... - Clausius inequality - Entropy: TS diagram - Entropy in processes with ideal gases - Fundamental equation of thermodynamic
Learning activities and methodology
Training activities Presential activities AF1: Master Classes (in synchronous on-line format): these are systematic and orderly exposition sessions of the subject's agenda and selected problems are solved in detail to exemplify the implementation of the theoretical contents. Their objective will be that students acquire the specific competences of each subject and/or course. AF2: Classroom practical classes: in these sessions we work on the applications of the contents of the subjects, including numerical examples, case analysis, data search, directed work, gamma sessions, etc. The aim is to show students how to act on new problems AF3: Practical laboratory classes and computer practices: the student will carry out supervised experimental or computer work in specialized laboratories in which he/she will put into practice the theoretical knowledge acquired in the different subjects and will learn to work safely in the laboratory. AF6: Individual and/or small group tutorials: this is a personalized attention to students, in a face-to-face way and where a teacher attends, facilitates and guides one or several students in the training process. They allow the teacher to follow the learning process of each student in a more individualized way. AF10: Evaluation Tests Non-presential activities FY12: Individual Study and Self-Employment: to develop the capacity for self-learning Includes the same activities as group work, but done individually. It also includes personal study (preparing examinations, further reading, problem solving and exercises) which is essential for autonomous learning. Methodologies MD1: Expository method: oral presentations by the teacher supported, if necessary, with computer material (PowerPoint, videos, etc.). They provide the transmission of knowledge and activation of cognitive processes in the student. MD2: Problem-based learning: development of active learning through problem solving, which confronts students with new situations in which they have to seek information and apply new knowledge to solve problems. MD3: Project-oriented learning: carrying out projects in a given time to solve a problem or tackle a task by planning, designing and carrying out a series of activities, all based on the development and application of acquired learning and the effective use of resources. MD4: Cooperative learning: encourages the development of autonomous learning, through collaboration between peers.
Assessment System
• % end-of-term-examination 60
• % of continuous assessment (assigments, laboratory, practicals...) 40
Calendar of Continuous assessment
Extraordinary call: regulations
Basic Bibliography
• David Halliday, Robert Resnick, Jearl Walker. Fundamentals of physics. John Wiley and Sons.
• Francis W Sears, Mark Waldo Zemansky, Hugh D Young, Roger A Freedman. Física universitaria / University Physics. Pearson.
• Paul Allen Tipler, Gene Mosca. Física para la ciencia y la tecnología / Physics for scientists and engineers . Reverté / W.H. Freeman.
• Raymond A. Serway John W Jewett. Física / Physics. Thomson / Paraninfo.
Electronic Resources *