Cultural History analizes History not from the point of the view of the big events that have shaped it, but rather by looking at the cultural practices (in the broadest sense) of societies, or of the different classes or groups within those societies. Combining the perspectives of the anthropologist with those of the historian and the cultural analyst, it discusses key elements such as social structures and movements, cultural rituals or the evolution of concepts like identity, ideology or power. This very last one is the main object of this course.
From Antiquity to our days, different social classes, groups, cliques, political parties or people exerting power, whether dcemocratically or by the use of coercion, have used art and culture as emblem, reflection, advertising or ostentation of such authority. This course wants the students to recognise the different ways and cultural practices - mostly literature and art, although others such as cinema or digital media may also be addresses on occasion - power has made use of in key moments of history. The students will analyse in depth the relationship between those practices and the power they emerge from or replicate, in order to be able to throw some light on the ideological, social and political aspects that intertwine with the artistic, aesthetic and cultural ones.
0. Understanding Cultural History
1. Religion and the Church
3. The Sovereign and the State
5. Liberalism and National Sovereignty
6. The Ideology of Political Parties
7. Bourgeoisie and Power: Culture and Modernism
8. Comunism: Art and Propaganda
9. Fascism: the Cult of the Leader
10. Democracy and Power: Biopolitical Critique
11. Imperialism: Power and Identity
12. The Power of Money in Capitalist Societies