This course discusses art predominantly from a social, ideological and political perspective, in line with the theoretical groundings of the Bachelor in History and Politics.
Despite following a chronological order, the course focuses with greater detail on the modern and contemporary eras, from the 18th century to our days. This is the period where the big social, ideological and political questions of our time meet the peculiar evolution of the arts.
1. The origins of art: context, interpretations, uses, definitions and limits.
2. Art and power in Early Civilizations and Classical Antiquity.
3. Art, religion and society in the Middle Ages.
4. Art, society and culture in the Early Modern Period. From artisans to artists: patronage. Art at the service of power and national identity.
5. Art and Revolution in the 18th century. The art institutions: academy, salon, museum. The emergence of the audience and the ¿democratization¿ of art.
6. Art, modernism and modernity in the 19th century. The art world and the art market: art as a commodity. Art at the service of ideology and politics: Romanticism and nationalism, realism and socialism, avant-garde and anarchism, etc.
7. Political uses of art in the 20th century: from macro to micropolítics. From revolutionary avant-garde to totalitarian instrumentalization. From fascist art to socialist realism. The Cultural Cold War. Art and mass culture: high and low art. The institutionalization of the avant-garde and the (re)emergence of critical art. Institutional Critique. Art and biopolitics: identity issues, the problem of the canon, feminism, postcolonialism, etc.
8. Social challenges of art in the 21st centurys. Globalization, digitalization and dematerialization.